HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
ar Krishna was the disciple of three great sages: Angeerasa, Ghora and Sandeepani. Bhagavatism gradually became popular, even among foreign races like Kushans ,Parthians and Indo-greeks. Lord Krishna was worshiped as Herkles by Greeks. Y Hes However as Buddhism and Jainism were too rigid, they identified most with Bhagavatism Hilodorous, Greek ambassador of king Antialkhedus followed Bhagavatism and installed pillar inscription at Basenagar in Vidisha in M. P. Garuda In course of time, ritualistic part also became assoc iated with Bhagavatism called Pancharatra system which was introduced by sage Sandilya. Pancharatra system meant worshipping Krishna and the four Yadava hiero family i.e. Sankarashana (Balaram), Aniruddha and Samba (sons of Krishna), Pradyumna (Grandson of Krishna). + a During the age of Guptas, Bhagavatism was transformed into Vaishnavism (Krishna got identified as an incarnation of Vishnu). Thus Vaishnavism emerged as the extension of Bhagavatism.
Vaishnavism became a powerful movement in South India especially in Tamllakam under the Alvars (Tamil Vaishnava Saints). They composed devotional literature in Tamil on Vaishnavism called Prabanda. From there Vaishnavism transcended the boundaries of India into South East Asia. It was popularized in Suvarnadweep by Kaundinya who married a Javan princess Susa. He got settled there and promoted Vaishnavism. The Acharyas were the Vaishnava philosophers. The first Vaishnava philosopher was Ramanuja. Aharya. He introduced Visista-advaita Siddhanta. Other renowned Acharyas were Madhava and Vallabha Acharyas 50
SHAIVISIM Shaivism is oldest sect in India and a native faith of India. Aryans accepted Rudra, the non- n Aryan God, who gradually evolved into Shiva. Shiva was worshipped in the form of Lingakara from 1st Century A.D. onwards. The oldest Shivalinga in India is found in Gudimellam near Ranigumpa in A.P, dated 56 A.D. The sacred mantra, Panchakshari (Om Namah Shivai) was first mentioned in Tamil epic Silappadikaram (The Jewelled Anklet) written by Ilango Adigal. The various Shiva sects are as follows- 1. Pashupata Sect It was founded by Nakulisa or Nakulin and became quite popular in North 2. Kashmir Shaivism It is found only in Kashmir and was founded by Vasugupta. It has no mantras but only mudras. This form of worship is called Trika 3. Agamanthas, Mattamayura and Kalamukha are the popular forms in Central India. Shaivism became a devotional movement in South India, first led by Tamil Shaiva saints called oand Nayannars. They were 63 of them. They composed devotional Tamil literature called Thevaram. M Thevaram is popular as Dravida Veda. Periyapuranam written by Sekkilar deals with the lives and teachings of Nayannars. 4. South India: Siva advaita, founded by Srikanta in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. in 2 u an , MP Karnataka - Veera Saiva, founded by Basaveswara Andhra Pradesh - Aradyasaiva founded by Mallikarjuna Panditha. OA DAro had teken Ha form skakti e% being wort Cna n PANCHAYATNA usrte