HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas College, DU * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre. *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
x 2. Pratihars - The Pratihars are also called Gurjarapratihar dynasty. They ruled M.P. with their capital city at Binna Nagabhata I was the founder of the dynasty. Mihirabhoi was the greatest ruler of the dynasty Sheikh Suleiman, an Arab merchant traveler visited the court of Bhoja. Rajashekhara who wrote Karpuramanjari and Kavyamimamsa, was the court poet of Mahendrapala of the Pratihar dynasty. xRajyapala was the last ruler of the dynasty and was killed by Vidyadhar of Chandelas in 1018 for his cowardly act when Mahmud Ghazni attacked Kalinjhar fort. X 3. Palas Palas ruled West Bengal with their capital city at Monghyr. Gopala was the founder of the dynasty and Dharmapala was the greatest ruler of the Pala dynasty the only Pala King to rule Kanauj with the title Utarapatha Swamin Lord of the North. Mahipala was the last great king of the Palas. He was defeated by Rajendra Chola of the Chola dynasty.
4, Senas Founded by Samanta Sen, they ruled Bihar and Bengal. Ballala Sen introduced a form of landed aristocracy called Kulinism Lakshman Sen, the greatest and last of the dynasty, founded the city Lakhanauti. Jaidev, the author of Gita Govinda and Dpyi the author of Pavanaduta were the court pocts of Lakshman Sen. Lakshman Sen was defeated by Bakhitar Khijliin 1197._ *[ 5. Eastern Ganga dynasty They ruled Kanliga with the capital at Tripuri. Narasimha Choda Gangadeva constructed the famous Sun temple at Konark. Sambudeva constructed the Lingaraj Temple at Bhubaneswar. Ananth Choda Gangadeva built the Puri Jagannath Temple. 6. Pamars They ruled Southern Malwa with the capital city at Dhar (M.P.) Upendra was the founder of the dynasty. Bhojaraj was the greatest of the Parmars, who also wrote the famous Samarangana Sutradhara (which deals with architecture) and Ayurveda Sarvasva (Everything on Ayurveda). 7, Chandelas hey ruled Bundelkhand with the capital city at Khajuraho. The dynasty was also called Jejakabhukti dynasty (forest tribe with their family deity as Jejaka). Yasovarman was the first great king. His son, Vidyadhar was one of the greatest of all Indian kings. He offered the most Succ ahmud Ghazni when Ghazni attacked Kalinjhar fort in 1018. The temples at Khajuraho and Mahotsavnagar were constructed by Chandelas.
8. Solankis They ruled Gujarat. The dynasty was founded by Mulraj andAnihilwad was their capital city. In 1025 Mohd Ghazni attacked Somnath temple, the richest temple in India in the Kathiawar district in Guirat. He defeated Bhima I and looted the temple. Bhima II and Mulrai II together defeated Mohd Ghori in the battle of Mt. Abu in 1179. Gujrat was finally conquered by Alauddin Khilii in 1296 9. Chauhans They ruled North Rajasthan and Haryana. They belonged to Sakambari cult (family deity of Chauhans). The dynasty was founded by Simharaj Chauhan. Ajayraj Chauhan founded the city Aimer. Prithviraj Chauhan was. the greatest ruler of the dynasty. He became popular as Roypithora. He married Samyukta, daughter of Jaichandra against the wishes of Jaichandra. Irn 1191, Prithviraj defeated Md. Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain. In the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192, Mohd Ghori defeated Prithviraj with the help of Jaichandra. 10. Tomars They ruled Haryana and Delhi and founded the city of Delhi which was then called Dallika. Mahipal Tomar was the greatest ruler of the dynasty.v
11. Guhadwalas They ruled South Rajasthan with the capital city at Nagada. Jaichandra was thein In 1193 Ghori killed Jaichandra in the battle of Chandwa was their Capital city.Aditya Chola was the first great king, who also defeated the last of t The Rastrakuta and Chola dynastic wars began during his times Krishf the Rastrakuta x 12. New Chola Dynasty Thanjavur It was founded by Vijayalaya Chola who was a feudatory of the Pallavas. Tanjore or Th tarameru inscription that talks abo Out Aparajitavarma.Parantaka I issued the famous U the village administarion under the Cholas was defeated by Parantaka in the Battle of Pullalurin 919. Krishna II of Rastrakutas defeated and killed Parantaka in the Battle of Tukkonam in 939. Rajaraja Chola was the greatest of the Chola rulers He defeated Pandyas, Cheras, Banas Kadambas and Western Gangas.Vimaladitya of the Eastern Chalukyas became the son-in-law of Rajaraja Chola.He attacked Ceylon, destroyed the capital city Anuradhapur and anncxcd Northern Ceylon. Rajaraja Chola held titles such as Chola martanda, Shivapadasekhara Mummadicholadeva and Madurai Konda. To