Rajni Jha is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas College, DU * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre. *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Gupta Polity-[Y 4 The Guptas hailed from Gaudadesha (Bengal). They were the subordinate feudal heads underthe Kushans Srigupta was the 1st King of the founder of the dynasty. He introduced the Gupta era in 320 A.D and married Kumaradevi, the princess of the Lichchavis. He got Pataliputra.as a gift in marriage.
stuba at Palna at Ptlipul Samudragupta was the lirst retkg of the dynasty and is called 'Indian Napolean' by Vincent Smith lor his milay expeditions that e carricd on durin his reign, lHe followed a policy called Sangrala (Total annexation), Vimochana (Liberation of some territorics) and Anugraa (Restoral) He defeated four Aryavart kis namcly Chandravarna, Achyuta, Ganapainaga and Nagasena Jn tolal Herated e tribal kingdoms (Vimochana) near Vindh and defeated 12 South Indian Kings (Anugraha) and later restored the their thrones. He also conquered North Eastern States Davaka, Kamarupa and Nepala. He took the title of 'Kavirja," . hetkaud guHm dou-81dA wdho
He look the title of Kaviraja. Chandragupta Vikramaditya II : Druvadev Sndian History e was the son of Samudragupta. He killed his brother Ramagupta and married his sister-in-law i and then came to power. It is considered a golden age in the Indian history as Dle development was made in all spheres of art, architecture and literature during this me imha, he took the title Sakari' The Chinese Budhist pilgrim, FaHien visited the Gupta court during his reign. The Navratnas Varahamihira, Amarasimha, Vararuchi, Dhanwantary, Senku, Betalabattu, Gatakarpaka and Senku, Betarabattu, Gatakarpaka, Kshipanaka, Amarasimha and Kalidasa, all belongedo After he had killed the Saka rulers, Bhasana and Rudras (nine exponents in different disciplines) also belonged to his court. They were- Kalidasa, Kshipanaka Literature; Varahamihira was an Astrologer Vararuchi an expert in Sunapashastra; and Dhanwantary on Medicine.
Kumargupta* His governor of Saurashtra, Parnadatta renovated the famous Sudrashana Lake, The Huns attacked India for the first time during his reign. However, the attack was repulsed by the Crown Prince Skandagupta.The Huns attacked India for the second time under the leadership of Mihirakula and Toraman. Pushyamitra tribe also revolted around the same time. Skandagupta failed to deal with the situation and as a result the Gupta empiregot disintegrated. Vishnugupt ano was the last king of the dynasty.