HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
varaya II, the greatest ruler of the dynasty was the 1St Vijayanagar king to conquer Ceylon a mosque for He also constructed He employed Muslims to train the Vijayanagar cavalry. Muslims at Humpi. he Italian traveler Nicholo Conti and Persian ambassador Abdur R? and 1443 respectively. Praudadevaraya, wrote the zak visited Hampi in 1442 famous Mahanataka Sudhanidhi, a text on music.His litera ^assembly was called Mutyalasala (Palace of Pearls). Saluva Dynasty It w as founded by Saluva Narasimha. He was the chief patron of Annamacharya who had composed maximum number of Kirtans in World literarture (39000 Kirtans)
Tuluva Dynasty It was founded by Tuluva Narasanayaka. Sri Krishnadevaraya, second son of Narasa was the greatest in the whole history of the South. . In 1509 he defeated Adil Shaha of Bijapur and took the title of Yavanarajasthapanacharya. . In 1510 he entered into a treaty with the Portuguese govemor Albuquerque. Portuguese agreed to supply horses and saltpetr 'from Persia, and to train Vijayanagar artillery. In retur. Krishnadevaraya promised to shift Goa from the control of Sultan of Bijapur to the Portuguese. In 1511 he defeated Prataparudra Gajapti of Kalinga, destroyed capital city Cuttack, married his daughter Annapurna and installed victory pillars at Simhachalam and Patnur. . Battle of Talikota Or Rakasi - Tangadi Battle fought in 1565- It ended the glory of Vijayanagar Empire. It was a battle between the forces of Vijayanagar commanded by Aliya Rama Raya and the Bahmani confederacy commanded by Hussain sah of Ahmad nagar .The main cause of the war was Aliya's foreign policy of divide and rule. Except Berar, all the other four states of the confederacy participated. Sadashivaraya was the king of Hampi during the war.Pvrittn
Araveeti Dynasy It was founded by Tirumalaraya, the brother of Aliya Ranaraya. Venkatapatiraya II, the greatest of the dynasty. He defied Akbar and shifted the capital city from Chandragiri to Vellore. He also constructed a church for the Portuguese at Vellore. In 1643 the dynasty ended when Mir Jumla the PM of Golconda (Hyderabad) occupied Vellore. Vijaynagar Administration Rayasam was the Secretariat which was headed by Chief Secretary Mahanayakacharya. The 'Nayaka'system was the system of civil servants. The Nayakas discharged civil and military functions on behalf of the emperor and in return were given lands called Amarams.At the village level, a system of 12 village functionaries was introduced called Ayagars. They were given rent free lands called Mirasi (for their own subsistence). Athavana was the revenue department which was headed by Mahakaranikam(Finance Minister). Kandachera was the military department headed by Chief Commander called Mahadandnayaka.Kavaliga was the police officer who was incharge of internal security.
Vijayanagar Society Fernao Nuniz, a Portuguese traveler gives detailed account of Vijayanagar society and gives a graphic description about Sati and talks about prostitution. He refers to a tax called Seethasunkam on brothel houses.Krishnadevaraya abolished the system called Kanyasulkam i.e., the system of purchasing brides. Vijayanagar Economy Bhatkal on the West Coast and Masola or Machilipatnam on the East Coast (A.P.) were the two important ports. Horses were imported from Persia. Amuktamalyada, a text writen by Krishnadevaraya talks about horse trade. Kalankari textiles (printed cloth) were exported from Masola. Srikalahasthi was the other centre. Golconda and Vajrakarur were famous for diamond industry. The popular guilds were Panchamavaru (association of five craftsmen) and Kaikollas (guild of weavers) Land tax that was the major source of revenue was called Sist. Nuniz tells us that it was 9/10h of the produce