HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
urze (16581707)-aumox mp. to du Uit After coming to power, Aurangzeb brought about many changes. He abolished the 'Kalimas' wot (inscribing Quranic verses on coins). Mohitisib, the royal censor officer was entrusted with the responsibility of enforcing Koran. The customs duties were fixed at 2.5% for Muslims and 5% for Hindus. In 1669 he ordered for the destruction of temples. Thc Kashi Vishwanath Temple and Keshavraya temple at Mathura were the prominent ones destroyed. In 1679 Jizia was reimposed. He abolished both, vocal and instrumental music. He removed court astrologer and historians; banned celebration of Diwali and Persian Navaroz festivals.
REVOLTs- 1. The Bundelas were the first to revolt against Mughal land revenue policy under the leadership of Chatrasal. 2. Satnamis, a peasant tribe of Haryana also revolted against the revenue policy. 3. The Jats revolted under the leadership of Gokul for the first time and later continued the revolt under the leadership of Churamal and Badan Singh. They founded an independent empire called Bharatpur 4. The ninth Sikh guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in 1675.The Sikhs revolted under the leadership of Guru Gobind Singh. 5. The Rajput rebellion: In 1679 Raja Jaswant Singh died without a successor. Aurangzeb refused to accept his declared son, Raja Ajit Singh as the ruler of Marwar. Rajputs revolted under the leadership of Raja Durga Das. Prince Akbar sent by Aurangzeb revolted against Aurangzeb and finally took shelter in the court of Shambaji, son of Shivaji. In 1681 Aurangzeb left Agra, came down to Deccan and remained in Deccanti his death.
Other expeditions In 1686 he conquered Bijapur. In 1687 he conquered Golconda. In 1689 he killed Sambhaji. In 1700 he defeated Rajaram, second son of Shivaji but he failed to suppress Maratha movement He died in 1707 at Ahmednagar and was buried at Aurangabad. Anglo-Mughal realtions under Aurangzeb In 1690 Aurangzeb declared war on English and captured their settlements. In 1690 he conferred a farman' on the English East Indian Company with certain terms and conditions.