HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Difference between Mahayana and Hinayana: Mahayana .Believed that Buddha would be born Hinavana Buddha would never be reborn. again Followed Sanskrit. Deified Buddha and worshipped him as God (idol Worship). . Followed Pali. Buddha was a grcat intellectual and not God; did not deify him
X Spread of Buddhism >Vijaya Singhava was the first to preach Buddhism in Ceylon. ut +o prtach >Kumarajeeva was the first to introduce Buddhism in China. Budda in Tibott > Kanishka made it popular in Central Asia. > Minandar The greatest of Indo-Greeks was converted into Buddhism by Naasna. The dialogue between Minandar & Nagasena is recorded in Milindapanha (a text in Pali). Kumargupta of Gupta dynasty founded Nalanda University (University of Buddhist studies). rsha Vardhana - the last great king of ancient India, was converted into Mahayana Buddhism by Huien Tsang. Harsha conducted Buddhist conferences called Sangeethies at Prayag. The Palas were the last patrons of Buddhism. They founded three universities: Vikramshila (Ateesha Deepankar was the first VC), Uddandapura and Jagaddala, Palas patronized Vajrayana Buddhism (Buddhism with Mantra & Tantra and magical powers) In the South, Acharya Nagarjuna founded Sree Parvatha University in Nagarjunikonda, th
Causes of Decline of Buddhism in India The avatar' or the concept of incarnation made Buddhism loose its identity. Advent of Islam with the emergence of the Slave Dynasty led to the decline of Buddhism. Bakhtiar Khijli destroyed Buddhist Stupas and Nalanda. Lack of security made Buddhism move to Nepal 1. 2. 3.
Contribution of Buddhism 1. Architecture The different forms of Buddhist architecture includ oei e the Buddha er the Lay Sacred Stupa-A place of worship which is constructed on relic Nt is a representation of life being ephemeral, symbolized by half-dome. Chaityas-They are the prayer halls anlau Kaunneu
Vihara Viharas are the rest houses of Buddhist monks Spal Umbrella I symbolizes that whoever understands the Buddhist philosophy is a spiritual head and is divinc
Imptant Stupas in a) Pipriwaha Stupa in Lumbini is the oldest amongst all b) Sanchi, Sarnath, Soneri and Sasaram built during Mauryan times c) Baruhath Stupa in MP built during Sunga dynasty. d) In South India, the most important Stupa is Amaravathi Stupa in Andhra PradeshIt was built by Nagasoka and was the biggest Stupa in ancient times. e Bigest Stupa at presen n the world is Borobudar Stupa in Java, constructed by Poornavarnam II of Sailendra dynasty.