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Economy in the later vedic age
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Rajni Jha
Faculty at Mukherjee nagar

Unacademy user
Hello Karishma Ji, Just a question, you have stated that you cleared IBPS however as i see that you joined IDBI under PGDBF thru Manipal. Any specific reason why not the former ? Please advise,
Karishma sahu
3 years ago
I just wanted to spend a year learning and studying. Earning a quick buck wasn't a priority. :)
Amit Kaizer
3 years ago
Ok, Fair enough ! But i was advised to refrain from doing a PGDBF due to lower pay and also due to the loan from the bank to finance PGDBF which is deducted from the salary. Please can you tell us the pro's and cons of doing PGDBF thru bank and also abt whether we have an option to do JAIIB/CAIIB thru it or is it just meant for PO's thru IBPS.
Karishma sahu
3 years ago
Why should JAIIB/CAIIB be restricted to anyone? Anyone can do that? If you want to start earning right away go for IBPS . If you want to spend a year with books in a library it's your choice. A lot of my friends (who cleared both and yet stuck to the degree) who were brilliant in their own merit come from this degree. As far as finances are concerned, it's a very personal thing to comment upon. For me, that 1 yr in Bangalore was fruitful because I put it to really good use. For someone else it might not be the same. Hope it helped.
Amit Kaizer
3 years ago
Yes ! Loud and clear. Thank you ! :)
ma;m is your course is sufficient for pre and mains please suggest me.
Rajni Jha
9 months ago
yes absolutely
  1. HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA


  2. ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres


  3. ECONOMY (1000 -600 BC) oppeaxd Introduction of Iron called Krishna ayas (Black Metal) Technology was instrumental in brin out the changes in the economy. atized the production process - Tools of production were brought within the reach f every section of society. Especially the lower sections were most benefited from its introduction forests were cleared in order to avail more land for agriculture. As a result,- extensive cultivation began with sickles, threshers etc. More land reclamation led to tremendous increase in agricultural economy and more production. For the first time surplus was generated which served as capital for exehange inwestment Urbanisation began- Towns were created in large numbers. Therefore this age is also called


  4. Second Age of Urbanisation. Trade and commerce developed which led to Vaishyas leaving agriculture. Trade became more lucrative. Shudras took over agriculture and thus they relieved other sections of the society WSof production processes. This also improved the conditions of Shudras. Guilds were formed-Association or guilds of merchants and craftsmen was called Sreni. The head of the merchant guild was called Sresti. The head of the Craftsmen guild was called Jestaka. Proliferation of craft activity took place. Manufacture of a type of pottery called PGW (Painted Grey Ware), in Sanskrit called Neelalbhita , also began during this period, Gach uoas an autou


  5. VEDIC LITERATURE (I) Sruti means the revealed ones'- All the four Vedas/ Samhitas were compiled by great sages. They all form part of the Sruti literature. (2) Smrii Commentaries on the four Vedas). They include Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, 6 Vedanges and 4 Upavcdas. 1. Rig Veda: it is the first text in the World literature and first text in Indo European language *its main theme is the prayers addressed to different Gods. *It is the most important Veda as Gayatri mantra is a part ofit A*1017 hymns / ver ses are divided into 10 mandalas. I IX Mandala belong to Rig er Vedic period and I and X Mandala were compiled during later Vedic Age and a d added to Rig Veda. wau *The priest who recites Rig Veda is called Hotri.


  6. 2. Sama Veda - It is full of Ragas or tunes. It is the first text to deal with Indian music Sangeeta Shastra Its main theme is metre or volume called Chchendus which deals with recitation of the verses. The priest who recites Sama Veda is called Udgatar (Master of Voice) 3. Yajur Veda >It deals with rituals and ceremonies.Divided into two parts sukla or white yajurveda, which deals with Aryan ceremonies and Krisna or Black yajurveda dealing with non-Aryans ceremonies ->This text is composed in prose The priest who recites Yajur Veda is known as Adhvaryu 4. Atharvana Veda (lt was not considered as Veda for long time) It was composed entirely by non-Aryans. Its themes include witchcraft, sorcery and invoking evil spirits. -> It is considered as Veda because it- 1. deals with Ayurveda (Indian Medicine), 2. deals with Ganithashastra (Science of Mathematics), 3. deals with Rekhaganita (Geometry) No Brahmin ever recites Atharvana Veda. (ktnnom"