HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Vijayanagar Culture The Vijayanagar style of architecture is characterized by: 1. Kalyanamandapas which were the marriage halls within the temple complex. 2. Ammangudi refered to the temple for the consort of the lord. Both were built within the temple complex. Krishnadevaraya constructed the Hazar Rama temple in Hampi with 1000 Ramayan sculptures. Padma Mahal that was constructed by him in Hampi is the best example of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Art and Music The Carnatic music tradition developed during this age. Swami Vidyaranya wrote Sangeetha Saraswam. Mahanataka Sudhanidhi writtin by Praudadevaraya also deals with music. The trio of Camatic music Muthuswamy Dikshitar, Shyamashastri and Thygaraj belonged to the court of Tanjore. Dance- Bharatanatyam, the most popular dance form was introduced by Bharata Muni. He wrote ayana Suryo Natvashastra which consists of the deatailed exposition of Bharatnatyam. de uboped in tha viuape The other popular dance forms were -Kuchipudi, introduced by Siddendra Yogj Perininatyam Ku (the tribal dance form of Katatiyas); Yakshaganam (the dance form with the themes exclusively iti mai derived from Bhagavatam), Iniw awably ou th Hu oJu a d tama LA , terature Vijayanagar age is considered the golden age of Telugu and Kannada literature. Astadiggajas Bhama meaning the eight great scholars/literary giants were present in the court of Krishnadevaraya. -kalopam
Allasani peddana wrote Manucharitra (The birth of Manu). He was called the 'father of Prab yuga' The literary assembly of Krishnadevaraya was called Bhuvanavjayam. He was a great scholarin Sanskrit and wrote the popular texts called MadalasaCharitra, Ushaparinayan Styavadhuparinayam, Jambavatiparinayam and Sakalakathasaram (the essence of all stories). Amuktamalyada, written by Krishnadevaraya in Telugu is rated as one of the Panchamahakavyas, (five great literary works of Telugu literature).He was also called Andhrabhoja for his literary contribution to Telugu literature. O Duujadi uvote S)kalohaxti^wara am a a aloara
Mahalam BAHMANI EMPIREO founded by the chief tax collectors called Saddam amils who revolted against Mohd bin Tughlaq at Devagiri in 1346 under the leadership of Zafar Khan. He took the ttle Sultan lauddin Hassan Bahman Gangu.Their first capital city was Gulbarga and second capital city was Bidar.Ahmed Shah I shifted the capital city to Bidar. Azari, the Persian poet wrote Bahmannamah in the court of Ahmed Shah Mohammad Gawan- He was the most popular Prime Minister of Mohd Shah Il of the Bahmani empire. He expanded the empire and divided it into 8 tarafs (administrative units) instead of four as in earlier tinm founded a Madarasa at Bidar on the model of Samarkand University of Iran with a library having 2000 books. His revenue reforms even inspired Raja Todar Mal. Gawan was executed at Kondapalli in 1498
Mohammad Gawan- He was the most popular Prime Minister of Mohd Shah III of the Bahmani empire. He expanded the empire and divided it into 8 tarafs (administrative units) instead of four as in earlier times. He founded a Madarasa at Bidar on the model of Samarkand University of Iran with a library having 2000 books. His revenue reforms even inspired Raja Todar Mal. Gawan was executed at Kondapalli in 1498 Bahmani Confederacy included 5 States l. Bijapur ruled by Adil Shahi dynasty. Founded by Adil Shah, it was the biggest and the most powerful State in the confederacy.Ibrahim Adil Shah was the greatest ruler, called Jagatguru for his secular outlook.Aurangzeb conquered Bijapur first in 1656 and later again in 1686. Stati %2. Bidar- It was ruled by Baridshahi dynasty founded by Kasim Barid 3. Berar -It was ruled by Imadshahi Dynasty found by Futullah Imad-ul-Mulk. It was the smallest and the weakestof the confederacy. not laken part in T
x4. Ahmednagar- It was ruled by Nizamshahi dynasty founded by Nizam Khan.Rani Chand Bibi was the most popular woman ruler. She was defeated by Abul Fazl sent by Akbar in 1600. It.was the first state conquered by Mughalsin the South among the confederacy. MalikAmbar was the most popular diwan of Ahmednagar. AWoauncsd He was the first to introduce guerilla warfare in South. He was the first to introduce a Council of eight ministers called Astapradhans. Golconda was ruled by Qutub Shahi dynasty. It was founded by ul Qutub Shah. brahim Quli Qutub Shah was the first great king and participated in Talikota Battle.Mohd Quli Qutub Shah was the greatest ruler of the dynasty. He constructed the famous Charminar and Mecca mosque in the city Bhagyanagar (founded in memory of Bhagmati, a Hindu woman).A rangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687 by defeating Abul Hasan Tanisha. thecomut