HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
0 THE GUPTA DYNASTY They were the Samantas or feudal subordinates of Kushans who hailed from Gaudadesha (Bengal). Sources of Gupta History INSCRIPTIONS * a) Allahabad Prashasti (eulogy) which was composed by Harisena, the Chief Commander of Samudragupta, talks about his greatness as an administrator and as great conqueror who waged 100 battles. *b) Me hrauli Iron Pillar Inscription -It talks about the greatness of Chandragupta Vikramaditya II and his victory against the Sakas rc) Eran Copper Plate Inscription, found in Delhi was issued by Bhanugupta. It is the first written recorded evidence on the custom of Sati. NUMISMATICS The Guptas issued silver coins on the model of the Kushans. In the coins of Samudragupta, he is shown fighting with lions and playing harp (Veena-like musical instrument) Chandragupta I, in his silver coins is found depicted along with his wife, Kumaradevi. In the coins of Chandragupta Vikramaditya II, the signs depicting Aswamedha are found. A, hirth ,story kun.ar Swa rw
ngupa Nam ant, a me signs depicting ASW amedha are tound LITERATURE Literature is an important source to construct the history of Abignanashakuntalam, Meghasandesham, Ritusamharam, Kumarasabhavam, Raghu Malavikaagnitram, In his writings, the Gupta society is reflected. The various writings show the socio-cultural milieu of the empire Vajjika wrote Kaumudimohotsavam. t is a description about Chandragupta I coming to power Visakhadutta wrote the drama Devichandraguptam which talks about Chandragupta II coming to throne after killing hisbrother Ramagupta and marrying his sister-in-law, Druvadevi Sudraka wrote the drama Mrichyakatikam meaning 'Clay doll, the story of prostitute Vasantsena and Bramhin Charudutta' Bhasa wrote Vasavadatta, a play on the urban life under the Guptas, the love story of King Karthike Guptas. Kalidas wrote the famou vansam and LEGAL TEXTS . Meetakshara written by Vigneshwara, deals with social law and customs of the time and is most important in the context of inheritance issues. it still forms the basis of many Indian Laws. 2. Neetisara written by Kamandaka, also deals with law and is popular as The Arthashastra of the Guptas.
Gupta Polity-Ty Hanou h The Guptas hailed from Gaudadesha (Bengal). They were the subordinate feudal heads underthe Kushans. Srigupta was the I King of the dynasty. However, Chandragupta I is considered as the real founder of the dynasty. He introduced the Gupta era in 320 A.D and married Kumaradevi, the princess of the Lichchavis. He got Pataliputra as a gift in marriage.
Samudragupta was the first great king of the dynasty and is called Indian Napolean by Vin Smith for his military expeditions that he carried on during his reign. He followed a policy called Sangraha (Total annexation), Vimochana (Liberation of some territories) and Anugraha (Restoral). He defeated four Aryavarta kings namely Chandravarna, Achyuta, Ganapainaga nd Nagasena. Jn totall datuated 3 Aryawa Indian Kings (Anugraha) and later restored them their thrones. He also conquered North Eastern States- Samatata, Davaka, Kamarupa and Nepala. He tok he tile oKaviraja?haui dcughss 1 C^o d He liberated the forest tribal kingdoms (Vimochana) near Vindh and defeatod 12 South
Sndian Histoy Chandragupta Vikramaditya 11 He was the son of Samudragupta. He killed his brother Ramagupta and married his sister-in-law Druvadevi and then came to power. It is considered a golden age in the Indian history remarkable development was made in all spheres of art, architecture and literature during this me After he had killed the Saka rulers, Bhasana and Rudrasimha, he took the title 'Sakari'. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, FaHien visited the Gupta court during his reign. The Navratnas nine exponents in different disciplines) also belonged to his court. They were- Kalidasa, Varahamihira, Amarasimha, Vararuchi, Dhanwantary, Senk Kshipanaka u, Betalabattu, Gatakarpaka and Senku, Betarabattu, Gatakarpaka, Kshipanaka, Amarasimha and Kalidasa, all belonged to Literature; Varahamihira was an Astrologer; Vararuchi an expert in Sunapashast Dhanwantary on Medicine. ra; and
Kumargupta- His governor of Saurashtra, Parnadatta renovated the famous Sudrashana L att acked India for t Prince Skandagupta.The Huns attacked India for the second time under the leadership of he first time during his reign. However, the attack was repulsed by the Crown oraman. Pushyamitra tribe also revoted around the same time. Skandagupta failed to deal with the situation and as a result the Gupta empiregot disintegrated. Vishnugupta was the last king of the dynasty unta Administration c No The Samanta system was the unique aspect of Gupta administration. The Samantas were the civil servants simultaneously. discharging civil, military and judicial functions on behalf of the king They were given the lands called Bhuktis in lieu of salarie:s.