HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
-1200 AD EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA(700-1 mportant changes that took placc during the pcriod- -4 1 u, the capital city of Harsha assumed prominence for which wars started of Bengal, Pratihars of M.P and Rastrakutas of Karnataka. The prolon partite struggle or triangular war finally led to the decline of the three dyn amongst the nasties. Howeve . As many as 12 Chand Bardai t, . Pataliputra lost its importance and could never regain its prestige. astrakutas survived for the longest period in the struggle. gional kingdoms were formed. It was called the 'heyday of Indian Feudalis 3. A new community called Rajputs emerged for the first time. According to -+2. 700- 1200 witnessed maximum decentralization of political authorit court poet of Prithviraj and the author of Prithviraj Charitra and Prithviraja born out of sacred fire at Mount Abu. The four Rajput clans were Chauhans, Prati and Solanki. These together are called Agnikula Kshatriyas. Colonel Todd, a British officer and histor foreigners the Rajpurs that Rajputs w ian wrote Anals of Rajputana. He felt t
THE PROMINENT DYNASTIES 1. Rastraktas- They ruled Maharashtra and Kamataka. Their first capital city was Eillichipuram Ellora) and the second capital city was Manyakatak (Malkhed). Dantidurga, the founder of the dynas y constructed the famous Dasavatar temple at Ellora Krishna-1 constructed the famous Kailashnath temple at Ellora. Druva was the first great king of the dynasty and he was the first ta conquer Kanauj by defeating Pratiharas and Palas. Govinda III was the 2nd Rastrakuta ruler to occupy Kanau Amoghavarsha, the greatest ruler of the Rastrakutas, was the last patron of Jainism tok s Sarwe',s astrakutas perfected the Cave temple architecture by constructing other cave temples like Indrasabha and_Kotakailasa at Ellora. In their empire, the great scholar in Mathematics, Mahavicharya wrote Ganithasarasangraha.
x 2. Pratihars The Pratihars are also called Gurjarapratihar dynasty. They ruled M.P. with their capital city at Binnal. Nagabha a I was the founder of the dynasty. Mihirabhoi was the greatest ruler of the dynasty Sheikh Suleiman, an Arab merchant traveler visited the court of Bhoja. Rajashekhara who wrote Karpuramanjari and Kavyamimamsa, was the court poet of Mahendrapala of the Pratihar dynasty. xRajyapala was the last ruler of the dynasty and was killed by Vidyadhar of Chandelas in 1018 for his cowardly act when Mahmud Ghazni attacked Kalinjhar fort. X 3. Palas Palas ruled West Bengal with their capital city at Monghyr. Gopala was the founder of the dynasty and Dharmapala was the greatest ruler of the Pala dynasty the only Pala King to rule Kanauj with the title Uttarapatha Swamin (Lord of the North. Mahipala was the last great king of the Palas. He was defeated by Rajendra Chola of the Chola dynasty.
4, Senas Founded by Samanta Sen, they ruled Bihar and Bengal. Ballala Sen introduced a form of landed aristocracy called Kulinism Lakshman Sen, the greatest and last of the dynasty, founded the city Lakhanauti. Jaidev, the author of Gita Govinda and Dpyi the author of Pavanaduta were the court pocts of Lakshman Sen. Lakshman Sen was defeated by Bakhitar Khijli in ll97._ *[ 5. Eastern Ganga dynasty They ruled Kanliga with the capital at Tripuri. Narasimha Choda Gangadeva constructed the faous Sun temple at Konark. Sambudeva constructed the Lingaraj Temple at Bhubaneswar. Ananth Choda Gangadeva built the Puri Jagannath Temple. 6. Parmars They ruled Southern Malwa with the capital city at Dhar (M.P.) Upendra was the founder of the dynasty. Bhojaraj was the greatest of the Parmars, who also wrote the famous Samarangana Sutradhara (which deals with architecture) and Ayurveda Sarvasva (Everything on Ayurveda). 7, Chandelas They ruled Bundelkhand with the capital city at Khajuraho. The dynasty was also called Jejakabhukti dynasty (forest tribe with their family deity as Jejaka). Yasovarman was the first great king. His son, Vidyadhar was one of the greatest of all Indian kings. He offered the most ucce temples at Khajuraho and Mahotsavnagar were constructed by Chandelas. ahmud Ghazni when Ghazni attacked Kalinjhar fort in 1018. The
8. Solankis They ruled Gujarat. The dynasty was founded by Mulraj andAnihilwad was their capital c ty. In 1025 Mohd Ghazni attacked Somnath templ, the richest temple in India in the Kathiawar district in Guirat. He defeated Bhima I and looted the temple. Bhima II and Mulrai II together defeated Mohd Ghori in the battle of Mt. Abu in 1179. Gujrat was finally conquered by Alauddin Khilii in 1296 9. Chauhans They ruled North Rajasthan and Haryana. They belonged to Sakambari cult (family deity of Chauhans). The dynasty was founded by Simharaj Chauhan. Ajayraj Chauhan founded the city Aimer. Prithviraj Chauhan was. the greatest ruler of the dynasty. He became popular as Roypithora. He married Samyukta, daughter of Jaichandra against the wishes of Jaichandra. In 1191, Prithviraj defeated Md. Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain In the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192, Mohd Ghori defeated Prithviraj with the help of Jaichandra. 10. Tomars They ruled Haryana and Delhi and founded the city of Delhi which was then called Dallika. Mahipal Tomar was the greatest ruler of the dynasty.v
They ruled South Rajasthan with the capital city at Nagada. Jaichandra was thein In 1193 Ghori killed Jaichandra in the battle of Chandwa 11. Guhadwalas x 12. New Chola Dynasty It was founded by Vijayalaya Chola who was a feudatory of the Pallavas. Tanjore or Th was their Capital city.Aditya Chola was the first great king, who also defeated the last Pallavas, Aparajitavarma.Parantaka issued the famous Utaramerur inscription that talks at the village administarion under the Cholas The Rastrakuta and Chola dynastic wars began during his times Krishf the Rastrakuta was defeated by Parantaka in the Battle of Pullalurin 919. Krishna II of Rastrakutas defeated and killed Parantaka in the Battle of Tukkonam in 939. Rajaraja Chola was the greatest of the Chola rulers He defeated Pandyas, Cheras, Banas Kadambas and Western Gangas.Vimaladitya of the Eastern Chalukyas became the son-in-law of Rajaraja Chola.He attacked Ceylon, destroyed the capital city Anuradhapur and anncxcd Northern Ceylon. Rajaraja Chola held titles such as Chola martanda, Shivapadasekhara Mummadicholadeva and Madurai Konda. Thanjavur of the abou