HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
His other reforms were as follows:or 1. He sanctioned Sandbar loans to the cultivators and founded a separate department for agriculture called Diwan-i-Kohi. 2. He was the first Sultan to openly celebrate Hindu festivals like Holi and to go to the temples He held the Jain scholar Janaprabha Suri in great respect. 3. In 1341 Ibn-Batuta, a traveler from Morraco visited the court of Tughlaq. He was made the Qazi of Delhi. He wrote Kitab-i-Rehala. 4. He was the first Sultan to conduct census in city of Delhi. The Sultanate Empire expanded to its maximum during his reign. Nevertheless, it also started disintegrating.. He died in 1351.while going to Tatta in Sind. on Suwan to ban-thi uutem 2 Sat Feroz Shah Tughlaq (1351 - 1389) He was the second Sultan born to a Hindu mother and also second Sultan to come to power when his father was alive. 1. He abolished all the additional taxes called Abwabs and collected only four- a) Khams-A tax on the spoils of the war i. ., 1/5th b) Kharaz -Land Tax. Cpaid by th mualim akat - Charity tax collected for the maintenance of educational institutes called Madarasas c) Z (2-2.5%) on individual income per annum d) Jiziy Brahmins. a - Religious tax on non-muslims (token tax). Feroz collected Jiziya even from an paid b-jh non- uiUshr mae than h tex Mye
2. He constructed four major irrigation systems or canals between river Yamuna and river Sutlej and collected an irrigation tax called Haqi Shirb (/o the produce) He constructed the cities Jaunpur in memory of his cousin Jauna on the banks of river Gomti. Ferozpur, Ferozabad, Fatehpur and Fatehabad were also founded by him. bin Tua fcx0z Skn He beautified the city of Delhi with 1200 gardens startid ih Qel bj He founded a department called Diwan-i-Bandagan for the welfare of the slaves. He was the first Sultan to construct public hospitals called Dar-ul-shafa. Diwan-i-Khairat was the employment bureau created by Feroz for providing employment to the Muslim youth and to perform free-of-cost marriages. He also revived the lqta system and introduced the hereditary succession in army. He wrote his autobiography called Futuhat-i-Ferozshahi Ziauddin Barani and Shams Siraz Atif, the two court historians of Firoz wrote two different text books with the same title called Tarikh Ferozshahi. Mohammed Shah Tughlaq was the last of the Tughlaq dynasty. Timur, the king of Persia attacked Delhi in 1398 and the Sultan Md. Shah Tughlaq took shelter in Gujarat. The independent kingdomsof Jaunpur, Malwa and Gujarat were founded during his period. Timur appointed Khizra Khan as his representative. The power of the Sultan was confined between Delhi to Palam under Md. Shah. kingdom ol shak Alam uou fiom ^eth
SA YYID DYNASTY-( 1414-1451 AD.) This dynasty was founded by Khizra Khan. They claimed descendancy from Prophet Mohd. Sa Mubarak-Khen was the greatest king of the dynasty. His court poet Yahyabin Ahamad Sirhindi wrote Tahrikh-i-Mubarakshahi regarding the day to day administration underMubarak Shah Alauddin Alam Shah, the last of the dynasty was deposed by Bahlul Lodi Shah Ph LODI DYNASTY-(1451-1526 AD.), Ha introduced a now arduate It was founded by Bahlul Lodi. Lodis belonged to Afghan race. 'n kend Sikandar Lodi, the greatest of the Lodi dynasty founded the city of Agra. Like Alauddin Khilji. he also tried to control market prices. He persecuted Kabir for preaching Hindu-Muslim unity Ibrahim Lodi was the last ruler of the dynasty. Alam Khan, Daulat Khan Lodi and Rana Sanga were the enemies of Ibrahim Lodi. In 1524 they invited Babar to wage a war against Ibrahim In the First Battle of Panipat (April 21, 1526), Babar killed Ibrahim Lodi and brought an end to the Delhi Sultanate The- bec net SiKand Figaz behur-d rahaa ualt :
Ibrahim Lodi was the last ruler of the dynasty. Alam Khan, Daulat Khan Lodi and Rana Sanga were the enemies of Ibrahim Lodi. In 1524 they invited Babar to wage a war against Ibrahim In the First Battle of Panipat (April 21, 1526), Babar killed Ibrahim Lodi and brought an end to the Delhi Sultanate. The Aec^ek behind Babans (ar eNed tuma by Vay Sultanate Adminstration ulers SInda Sultan was assisted by four departments:- Portua Lnd Diwan-i-Wazirat was the Finance Dept headed by a Wazir. He was assisted by Mustafi-i- Mumalik (AuditoGeneral) and Mushrif-i-Mumalik (Accountant Gencral) Diwan-i-Araz was the Military Dept, created by Balban and headed by Araz-i-Mumalik as 1 (Chief Commander) 3. Diwan-i-Insha was the Dept. of Correspondence headed by Dabir-i-Mumalik (Chief Correspondent). i e* and Jun
external affairs. It was headed by a Chief Qazi. Isalat was the department for religious affairs, endowments and in some case Empire was divided into provinces 'Sar Sarkars were divided into districts called Shigs ruled by Shiqdar. s called 'Sarkars' which were governed by Naib and divided into groups of villags called Paraganas, headed by Amil. lowest unit administered by hereditary Hindu officers known as Khot Village was the Muqaddams, Chaudhuris and Patwaris.