HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION 1. Mauryan State was the first welfare State in India. 2. It was the most centralized State in Indian history 3. It was also the state with well expanded and structured bureaucracy Central Administration- At the Central level, the king was assisted by Council of Ministers called Mantri Parishad. t>Mantris were the advisors, who received 12,000 panas per annum as salary. There were 27 departments with 26 Adhyakshyas. The only department without Adhyaksha as fisheries. ->Impportant functionaries were called Teerthas- m. a) Samaharta was the Chief Tax Collector 24V b)Sannidata was the ChiefTreasury Officer. *T T-M- )
Provincial Administration >Empire was divided into 4 provinces- South, East, West and Central Uijain was the capital of Central Province Taxila was the capital of Western Province, whose Governor was stated to be osali successor of the Mauryan State. Suvarnagiri was the capital of Southern Province.Tosali was the capital of Eastern Province Governors were called Kumara-amatyas.They were assisted by: . Pradesika-Chief Revenue Officer. "A Rajuka - Revenue Settlement Officer Sthanika was the Head of the Local Administration. 21 . Yukta Tax Collector. The capital city, Pataliputra, was ruled by a Municipal Board of 30 members, divided into 6 committee:s Military Administration- This also was managed by a Board of 30 members divided into 6 committees, each. with 5 members
Judicial administration The source of law for Mauryans was Sukraneeti composed in post- Vedic age. Dharmasteyas were the Civil Courts of Law and Kantakasodhakas were Criminal Courts. Spy system or espionage formed a crucial part of Maurayan aministration.The Chief royal spy was called Pathivedaka ,one who reports directly to the king and the other spies were called Gudapurushas Revenue Administration- Chief sourc of revenue was Land Tax or Bhaga. Con Chief source of revenue was Land Tax or Bhaga. LdMe ihi However many additional taxes were also levied *Hulivakara Tax on ploughshare Dasamolibaga - Tax collected by the State for protecting the crops from 10 types of destructions
Faculty in Delhi. Teaching experience of more than 8 years in various offline and online institutes.