HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Economy 1. It was a pastoral economy that thrived on cattle population. wdu kyto(the 2. Cultivaation ofcrops such as Vrihi: Rice, Godhuma-Wheat, Yava-Barley, was done. 3. Gold and silver were used as medium of transaction: Nishika- gold and Satamana - Silver. rovesti (Ceack 4 B4and larges trade vas caried througrh the barter systg"oc^ iojer otla) 4. By and large, trade was carried through the barter syste Cattla)
RELIGION Religion during the Rig Vedic period was Monism and Henotheism i.e. belief that the supreme power is One, though it can be present in many forms. > Rig Veda divided the entire Universe into 3 spheres: 1. Celestial - Sky above skies 2. Aerial -Above the surface of the Earth. Cuhur atmwo 3. Terrestrial Above and on the surface of the Earth UiJere eu Gods in the Rig Vedic times: 'Indra' was the most important God (Celestial) and was also called Purandhara i.e. 'one who destroys forts'. Maximum numbers of Slokas (250/1017) in the Rig Veda are addressed to Indra He was also the God of war and victory. Most important aerial God was Varuna- the God for morality, ethics and values. Varuna upholds the world's moral order called Vrita. Varuna has been called Arunamazda in Zend Avestha. Agni was the terrestrial God (second most important God in Rig Veda: 220 hyms) Names associated with Agni worship: Agnihotri (Priest), Havyavahana (smoke as vehicle) and yths eaue neranda gasbA aoutcu , Pertooned oo d Codes Sand . Dei MotA aod with Huthasena (purifier).
Other Gods . Aswinis (Gods of herbs & medicines) 2. Soma (Moon, the God of nourishment) 3. Mitra (Sun God a.k.a. Savitri, Surya) Ged ho pten Most sacred mantra in Rig Vedic times was the Gayatri Mantra addressed to Savitri (Surya), the God of cosmic energy, I was composed by Vishwamitra and is part of the 3 Chapter/ 3d Mandala of Rig Veda. The only Goddess refered to in Rig Veda is Saraswati. Also the only Non Aryan God accepted by Aryans was the Rudra (as form of Pashupati in Indus Valley Civilization)