HISTORY (Modern) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Clive conspired with Mir Zafar, the Chief Commandor of Siraj, Rai Durlabh (the Zamindar of Burdwan), Manik Chand(Governor of Calcutta) and Jagat Seth, the richest banker of Bengal and Oomi Chand, the rich Sindhi merchant (also t Sindhi merchant (also the mediator between Clive and other conspirators). BATTLE OF PLASSEY- (June 23, 1757) Robert Clive commanded 3200 troops. Mir Madan and Kishan Lal led the troops of Siraj. The battle was fought on the banks of river Bhagirathi. Siraj was killed by Miran who was the son of Mir Zafar. The Company got the 24 Parganas district. Clive was given the title 'Sabjung' by the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II. Mir Zafar exempted the English East India Company from payinjg the customs duties in the external trade. In 1759, Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, the French Commander Jean Stuart Law and Pahalwan Singh, a Zamindar of Bihar attacked Bengal but were defeated. In 1759, the Dutch were defeated by the English in the Battle of Bedara. In 1760, Mir Zafar was replaced by Mir Qasim as the Nawab of Bengal.
MIR OASIM- (1760 1764) le was the ablest successor of Alvardi Khan. He granted three Zamindaris(Midnapore, Chittagong and Burdwan) to the East Indian Company. He offered 50% share in the Churnam trade (betelnut trade) to the English and also sanctioned 5 lakh rupees as aid to the English in their war effort against the French. He shifted the capital city from Murshidabad to Monghyr. He employed Armenians to train the Bengal Army. The main cause for differences between Nawab of Bengal and the East Indian Company was the misuse of Dastaks', which were passes or lincenses issued by the President of th Council to the English merchants claiming exemption from customs duties. In June 1764, Mir Qasim abolished customs duties forall merchants in Bengal. which were passes or lincenses issued by the President of the Calcuta
RATiO BU XAR Oct 22, 1764. In July, 1704, MirQasim was defeated by the English. Mir Qasim, the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Sujala the Nawab of Oudh) formed an alliance against the English. Hector Munn commanded the English army. He defeated the Allied forces at Buxar and Kara. Mir dasim died in Delhi in 1777. Mir Zafar was the Nawab of Bengal when the battle of Bux ar took llahabad Treaty August 1765. It was signed between Clive and Suja-ud Dala on one hand and; between Clive and Shah Al l the other hand Suja ud-Daula altogether paid 40 Lacs (20 Lacs as compensation and 20 lacs for reataininghmas Nawab) and also surrendered Allahabad and Kara districts to t tnglish tasferred Allahabad and Kara to the Mughal Emperor and agreed to pay 26 lacs per annum as rental in ueturn for the revenue collection rights (Diwani) in Bengal, Bihar (hissa 1he l reaty made the l nglish de,hK.to andak. /ure rulers of Bengal in 1705, Mir /afar died and Nazam-ud-Daula became the Nawab.
In Sept 1765, Robert Clive introduced Dual Government in Bengal. Under the system, powers - were divided into Diwani (revenue) and Nizamat (general administration). A Deupty Subedar was appointed who was answerable to the Company when he discharged the Diwani functions and to the Nawab when he dealt with Nizamat. Md. Raza khan was the first Depty S the new system. In 1772, Warren Hastings suspended the Dual administration. Nazam-ud-Daula was gratnted pension of 6 lac rupees per annum. Government and took over the
administration. Nazam-ud-Daua Was gr pis ld per annum MYSORE The city of Bangaluru was founded by Kempe Gowda. However, the modern State of Mysore was founded by Krishnaraj Wadiyar. Haidar Ali- He joined the army of Mysore as an ordinary Sepoy and became the Fauzdar of Fort Dindigal. He employed the French to train the Mysore armies. He founded the first modern Indian Arms Factory at Dindigal. He also defended the Fort against the Marathas in 1755 and 1757. Between 1761 to 1765, Haider Ali expanded the Mysore empire by conquering Coorg Malabar and Baramal. First Anglo Mysore War - (1767 - 1769) Warren Hasting, the Governor of Madras forged an alliance with the Nawab of Hyderabad and the Marathas. Haider defeated the English, captured Fort Arcot and entered the city of Madras. The war ended with the Madras Treaty in 1769.
Second Anglo Mysore War (1779 - 1784) The reasons for the war were as follows: i)It was against the Madras Treaty.The British refused to support Haidar in 1775, when Marathas attacked Mysore. i) The immediate cause was that in 1779 English attacked Port Mahe used by Haider Ali for importing war technology from France. Haidar was defeated in the Battle of Porto Novo by Colonel Eyre Coote. Haider died of cancer in 1782. War was continued by his son Tipu Sultan. Tipu was defeated in the Battles of Palghat, Trichy and Bednur.The war ended with Mangalore Treaty
Third Anglo Mysore War (1790 1792) Lord Cornwallis was the Governor General.The immediate cause for the war was that Tipu Sultan attacked Travancore (Trivendrum), a friendly state of the English. The war ended with the Treaty of Srirangapatnam in 1792 Tipu surrendered half of his territory, paid 5 Lakh pounds as compensation and sent his two sons as hostages to English. Fourth Anglo Mysore War (1798- 1799) Lord Wellesley was the Governor General. The reasons were i) Tipu sent delegations to all the Islamic countries seeking support against the English. ii) He secretly invited Napolean of France against the English.