HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Foreign Races- 1. Indo-Greeks - They were also called Bactrian Greeks. *Menander was the greatest of the dynasty. He was converted to Buddhism by Nagasena. The Indo-Greeks were the first to issue gold coins in large numbers. They also started the practice of inscribing the names and the images of the kings on the gold coins giving us the definite evidence. fisa hey were also called Kshatrapas.They were settled in Saurastra. Rudradaman was arh inscription & the Girnar inscription talk about his , he claimed victory b-against the Satvahana dynasty. Rudrasimha, the last of the Sakas was defeated by Chandragupta Jthe greatest ruler of the dynasty. The Junag greatness. He renovated the Sudarshana Lake. In thc Girnar inscription aVikramaditya II of the Gupta dynasty. -
4-3. Kushans- They belonged to the Yu-chi tribe of China. They were the only dynasty to control Ga 4-3. Kushans - They belonged to the Yu-chi tribe of China. They were the only dynasty to control d the Silk Trade Route.They took the titles Devaputra, imitating the Chinese (Khad-Phesis). The -Pu dynasty was founded by Kujala Khad-phesis. Kanishka was the greatest king of the dynasty. He s. started the Saka era in 78 A.D. He also convened the 4th Buddhist Council. The Kushans were qe also responsible for Gandhara School of Art which was an admixture of Indian and Roman art. radThey issued large number of silver coins and their coinage tradition was followed by the Guptas 4. Parthian They 'were also called Plahlavas.Gondophernes was the greatest king of the Parthians. It was during his time that the 1st Christian pilgrim father St. Thomas visited India in 56 A.D. He was buried at Mailapur in Chennai.
Native Dvnasties 1. Sunga-It was founded by Pushyamitra Sunga. Videesa or Vidisha (in M.P) was their capital city. His son, Agnimitra defeated the Indo-Greeks and was the hero in Kalidasa's play Malavikagnimitram. They developed the Mathura school of art. Kanwa The dynasty was founded by Vasudeva. Pataliputra was their capital city. Susarma, the last of the dynasty was killed by Satakarni II. $3. Satavahanas The only ynasty in India that ruled for the longest period, uninterrupted for 400 years by 33 Satavahana kings from 2nd Century B.C. to 2nd Century A.D first capital city was Paithan (also known as Pratisthanapura) in Maharashtra and second capital city was Dhanyakatak or Amaravathi. <Srimukha or Simuka was the first king of the sathvahanas. However, Satakani I was the real founder of the dynasty. He was also the first king in South India to perform Aswamedha sacrifice. He was defeated by Kharavela of Kalinga. The Nanaghat inscription issued by his wife, Naganika talks about his greatness. ( n
Hala was the scholarly king who wrote the famous Gadhasapta Sathi (700 stories) in Prakrit language. Gunadhya was the court poet of Hala who wrote the famous Brihatkatha in Paisachi language. It narrates the story of Naravahanadatta (Kuber -the God with 'Nara' as vehicle). Gautamiputra Satakarni, the greatest ruler of the dynasty, founded the Salivahana era in78 A.D. He took the titles-Ek Brahmin (The only Brahmin) and Trisamudradiswar (The Lord of Three Seas). His greatness is mentioned in Nasik inscription, issued by his mother Gautami Balasri Nasik inscrition, issued by his mother Gautami Balasri 4. Chedi Dynasty- It ruled Kalinga. Kharavela, the greatest of the dynasty defeated Satakarni I and took the title Mahameghavahana. The Elephanta Cave inscription also called Hatigumpa inscription hails his greatness. In 161 B.C, he convened a Jain Council at Kumaragiri.