HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
was bav LITERATURE The Arab historians, were the first to introduce the tradition of writing chronicles, autobiographies and regional history, Ardhakathanika, written by Banarsi, a Jain monk was the first autobiography by an Indian.JHasan Nizami wrote Taj-ul-Mahatir, a text on slave dynasty Isami wrote Futuf-us-Salatin,atexton Bahmani Sultans. Abu Bagr wrote che. nanna ies and regional historA n"deals with LocalHuhovgo e Amir Khusrau was the grcatest litrary giant of his times. Hie introduced a new iter ry stye ah on the conquests of Alauddin Khilji, Futuh-us-Khazain (on Khiljis coming to he beauty of , called Sabaqath-i-Hind by mixing Persian with Hindavi (classical Hindi). He wrote the famous power), Tughlagnama and a collection of five short stories called Khamsa. The story Laila- Majnu is one of the five short stories. In the text called Nusipher, while describing t Kashmir, he observed that "the most beautiful place in the Universe is Kashmir". Gulbadan Begum, sister of Humayun wrote Humayunnama. Akbar got Mahabharata translated into Persian and called it Razamnama. >
MARATHA STATE AND CONFEDERACY Sisodia) Shivaji (1627 - 1680) was born at Shivnir in 1627. His parents were Shahji Bhonsle ( and Jijabai. Dadaji Khondev was the tutor of Shivaji and Samardh Ramdas, his Guru. At the ag of 19, Shivaji became the Jagirdar of Pune. He conquered the forts of Bijapur Torna, Kondana, Mahuli and Mahud; constructed the fort Raigarh near Torna which became his capital city. Chandrakant More, the head of the Muvali tribes was his close friend. The Sultan of Bijapur sent Afzal Khan against Shivaji. Krishnaji Bhaskar became the mediator between the two. Shivaji killed Afzal Khan at Pratapgarh and defeated the Mughal armies sent by Aurangzeb under the leadership of Shasta Khan. In 1664, he attacked Surat, the richest city in 17th Century India. In A1 1665, Shivaji was defeated by Raja Jai Singh sent by Aurangzeb and was forced to sign the Treaty of Purandhar. As per the treaty, Shivaji surrendered 22 Mughal forts (out of 35 that he had captured).