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Gupta administration and economy
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Rajni Jha
Faculty at Mukherjee nagar

Unacademy user
iron harrapa mein use nhi hota tha.
mam is this course sufficient for preliminary as well as mains!
Rajni Jha
9 months ago
pleasure
Tanveer khan
9 months ago
God bless u
  1. HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA


  2. ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres


  3. Gupta Administration: ^-ca + The Samanta system was the unique aspect of Gupta administration. The Samantas were the civil servants simultaneously discharging civil, military and judicial functions on behalf of the king. They were given the lands called Bhukris in lieu of salaries. LAND GRANT SYSTEM This system was started under the Mauryas. Satvahanas were the first t Deccan. Guptas were the first to grant were called Brahmadayas Devadayas. Lands granted to the Brahmins were called Agrahanas The grantees were called Bhokta lands to the civil servants. Lands granted to the temples According to many theories, the Gupta land 32


  4. grant system was responsible for the beginning of Indian feudalism. The Samantas who got lands from the Gupta king in course of time emerged as the Indian feudal class. The Yakataka dynasty that ruled Deccan, gave maximum number of land grants in ancient I history. A land grant Charter was called Karasasana. gave maximum number of land grants in ancient Indian


  5. Gupta Economy Terms related to agriculture- Devamatrukas were the most fertile tracts of the empire and always under cultivation. Krushinala meant plough drivers or tillers of the soil and Anirvasita meant independent Shudra cultivators under the Guptas. Kulyavapa (conventional crop sharing), Dronavapa (Crop estimation) and Nivartana were the revenue assessment methods. Arghabhata (Lift irrigation) Tadaga (Tank irrigation) and Vapi (Canal irrigation) were the main irrigation systems. djain EXTERNAL TRADE-Prue4(Allahabad) -chahuot andusmi On the west coast side, Rome was the major trade partner and on the east coast side was China. Babaricum in S ind was the major port city on the West Coast and Tamralipti on the East Coast. Mathura was the most important centre known for the best quality of cloth called Sataka. Gandhara was famous for woollen industries. Hivaloyjan end under the Guptas. Due to the decline of trade, the worst affecte de with Rome reached its peak during the Gupta age and surprisingly also came to an was Mathura,*


  6. The GoldenAge- The Golden Age means a period in which remarkable progress is made in art, architecture, literature, astronomy and medicine. In architecture, the Guptas were the first to start the construction of temples in North India. Ikshvaku dynasty was the first to construct temples in the entire Indian history. Guptas introduced the Nagara style, of architecture. The Gupta temples are found at Gaya, Yaranasi. Paharpur Mathura and Debgarh. In the field of sculpture, the royal Boar (Rajavaraha) was the best specimen of Gupta sculpture found on Gupta temples. Guptas continued the Ajanta cave painting tradition at Bagh caves (M.P)


  7. Literature-All the literarary forms (Kavya, Drama, Short Stories, Sattire and Dictionary Composition) reached their perfection under the Guptas. Amarasimha wrote Amarakosa, which was the 1s dictionary'in Sanskrit. Vishnu Sharma wrote Panchatantra stories, the first short stories collection in Indian History Chandragom n wrote Chandra V yakama which is still popular in Bengal. A Jain monk Vimla wrote Jain Ramayan, according to which Sita was the sister of Rama. Astronomy- Aryabhatta was the greatest astronomer and mathematician of the time. He was the first to measure the radius of the Earth, explain the shape of the Earth and also the formation of solar and lunar eclipses. He wrote the famous Survasiddhanta and Aryabhativam. u o zvvi Avyobkotta, Aryahhatta u, Hu to.dula. Hra dun


  8. Varamihira was another great astronomer who introduced Romasasiddhanta which became s for lunar calendar. He also wrote the famous Brihatsamhita, Brihatjataka Panchasiddhanta. Pancho. nga ) ta hmagupta preceded Newton in founding the Theory of Gravitation. He wrote Brahmaspu Siddhanta and Kandakadvaka Medicine- Dhanwantary perfected Charaka Samhita (Charaka belonged to the age of Kaniska), a text on ayurvedic medicine and surgery Navaneetaka wrote Navaneetakam on Ayurvedic medicine Palakapya wrote Hastya ayurveda that dealt with Veterinary diseases. Metallurgy- The best copper ever produced in Indian history was used in the standing image of Buddha found in Sultanganj (now placed in Buck ngham Place) In the Mehrauli pillar (located in Delhi), the best iron ever manufactured in the world has been used