HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas College, DU * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre. *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
700-1200 A.D EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA(700 mportant changes that took placc during the pcriod- . Pataliputra lost its importance and could never regain its prestige. u, the capital city of Harsha assumed prominence for which wars started of Bengal, Pratihars of M.P and Rastrakutas of Karnataka. The prolon partite struggle or triangular war finally led to the decline of the three dyn astrakutas survived for the longest period in the struggle. amongst the nasties. Howeve . As many as 12 Chand Bardai t, -4 1 -+2. 700- 1200 witnessed maximum decentralization of political authorit gional kingdoms were formed. It was called the 'heyday of Indian Feudalis 3. A new community called Rajputs emerged for the first time. According to the Rajpurs court poet of Prithviraj and the author of Prithviraj Charitr and Prithviraja and Solanki. These together are called Agnikula Kshatriyas. Colonel Todd, a British officer and histor foreigners orn out of sacred fire at Mount Abu. The four Rajput clans were Chauhans, Prat that Rajputs w ian wrote Anals of Rajputana. He felt t
THE PROMINENT DYNASTIES A1. Rastrakutas They ruled Maharashtra and Kamataka. Their first capital city was Eillichipuram Ellora) and the second capital city was Manyakatak (Malkhed). Dantidurga, the founder of the dynas y constructed the famous Dasavatar temple at Ellora Krishna-1 constructed the famous Kailashnath temple at Ellora. Druva was the first great king of the dynasty and he was the first ta conquer Kanauj by defeating Pratiharas and Palas. XGovinda IIl was the 2d Rastrakuta ruler to occupy Kanauj. Amoghavarsha, the greatest ruler of the Rastrakutas, was the last patron of Jainism tok hs Sarwe',s astrakutas perfected the Cave temple architecture by constructing other cave temples like Indrasabha and_Kotakailasa at Ellora. In their empire, the great scholar in Mathematics, Mahavicharya wrote Ganithasarasangraha.
x 2. Pratihars - The Pratihars are also called Gurjarapratihar dynasty. They ruled M.P. with their capital city at Binna Nagabhata I was the founder of the dynasty. Mihirabhoi was the greatest ruler of the dynasty Sheikh Suleiman, an Arab merchant traveler visited the court of Bhoja. Rajashekhara who wrote Karpuramanjari and Kavyamimamsa, was the court poet of Mahendrapala of the Pratihar dynasty. xRajyapala was the last ruler of the dynasty and was killed by Vidyadhar of Chandelas in 1018 for his cowardly act when Mahmud Ghazni attacked Kalinjhar fort. X 3. Palas Palas ruled West Bengal with their capital city at Monghyr. Gopala was the founder of the dynasty and Dharmapala was the greatest ruler of the Pala dynasty the only Pala King to rule Kanauj with the title Utarapatha Swamin Lord of the North. Mahipala was the last great king of the Palas. He was defeated by Rajendra Chola of the Chola dynasty.
4, Senas Founded by Samanta Sen, they ruled Bihar and Bengal. Ballala Sen introduced a form of landed aristocracy called Kulinism Lakshman Sen, the greatest and last of the dynasty, founded the city Lakhanauti. Jaidev, the author of Gita Govinda and Dpyi the author of Pavanaduta were the court pocts of Lakshman Sen. Lakshman Sen was defeated by Bakhitar Khijliin 1197._ *[ 5. Eastern Ganga dynasty They ruled Kanliga with the capital at Tripuri. Narasimha Choda Gangadeva constructed the famous Sun temple at Konark. Sambudeva constructed the Lingaraj Temple at Bhubaneswar. Ananth Choda Gangadeva built the Puri Jagannath Temple. 6. Pamars They ruled Southern Malwa with the capital city at Dhar (M.P.) Upendra was the founder of the dynasty. Bhojaraj was the greatest of the Parmars, who also wrote the famous Samarangana Sutradhara (which deals with architecture) and Ayurveda Sarvasva (Everything on Ayurveda). 7, Chandelas hey ruled Bundelkhand with the capital city at Khajuraho. The dynasty was also called Jejakabhukti dynasty (forest tribe with their family deity as Jejaka). Yasovarman was the first great king. His son, Vidyadhar was one of the greatest of all Indian kings. He offered the most Succ ahmud Ghazni when Ghazni attacked Kalinjhar fort in 1018. The temples at Khajuraho and Mahotsavnagar were constructed by Chandelas.