Rajni Jha is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas College, DU * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre. *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
The GoldenAge- The Golden Age means a period in which remarkable progress is made in art, architecture, literature, astronomy and medicine. In architecture, the Guptas were the first to start the construction of temples in North India. Ikshvaku dynasty was the first to construct temples in the entire Indian history Guptas introduced the Nagara style, of architecture. The Gupta temples are found at Gaya, Yaranasi. Paharpur Mathura and Debgarh. In the field of sculpture, the royal Boar (Rajavaraha) was the best specimen of Gupta sculpture found on Gupta temples. Guptas continued the Ajanta cave painting tradition at Bagh caves (M.P)
Literature-All the literarary forms (Kavya, Drama, Short Stories, Sattire and Dictionary Composition) reached their perfection under the Guptas Amarasimha wrote Amarakosa, which was the 1s dictionary'in Sanskrit. Vishnu Sharma wrote Panchatantra stories, the first short stories collection in Indian History Chandragomin wrote Chandra Vyakama which is still popular in Bengal. A Jain monk Vimla wrote Jain Ramayan, according to which Sita was the sister of Rama. Astronomy- Aryabhatta was the greatest astronomer and mathematician of the time. He was the first to measure the radius of the Earth, explain the shape of the Earth and also the formation of solar and lunar eclipses. He wrote the famous Survasiddhanta and Aryabhativam. u o zvvi Ay abkotta, Aryahhatta ua) Hu to.dula. Hra dun
aramihira was another great astronomer who introduced Romasasiddhanta which became the 6 asis for lunar calendar. He also wrote the famous Brihatsamhita Brihatjataka a Panchasiddhanta. Pancho nga ) Brah magupta preceded Newton in founding the Theory of Gravitation. He wrote Brahmasputa Siddhanta and Kandakadyaka Medicine Dhanwantary perfected Charaka Samhita (Charaka belonged to the age of Kaniska), a text on ayurvedic medicine and surgery. Navaneetaka wrote Navaneetakam on Ayurvedic medicine. Palakapya wrote Hastya ayurveda that dealt with Veterinary diseases. Metallurgy- The best copper ever produced in Indian history was used in the standing image of Buddha found in Sultanganj (now placed in Buck ngham Place) In the Mehrauli pillar (located in Delhi), the best iron ever manufactured in the world has been used
PUSHYABHUTI DYNASTY It was founded by Narvardhana with its capital city at Sthansewar in Haryana. Harshavardhana was the greatest ruler of the dynasty. He founded the Harsha era in 606 A.D. Grihavarma, who was brother-in-law of Harshavardhana, was killed by Gauda Sasanka and Devgupta of Malwa Sasanka desecrated the famous Bodhi tree Harsha came to power shifting the capital city from Thaneswar to Kannauj at the age of sixteen. He conquered Ma Pulakesin II of the Mahayana Buddhism by the Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Hieun Tsang. Harsha took the title Siladitya. He conducted the Buddhist conferences called Sangeethies at Prayag. This was done to promote Mahayana Buddhism.A great scholar in Sanskrit, he wrote the fa Naganandam, Ratnavali and Priyadarsika Banabhatta, the court poet of Harsha wrote the Harsha Charit Kadambari. . Hieun lwa, Saurashtra, Kalinga and Kamarupa. However, he was defeated by attle of Narmada. Harsha was converted i lays such as Parvati Parinayam and Experience of a Traveller'. I- Harsha is considered the last great emperor in ancient Indian History. He also conducted Dharmayatras like Samrat Ashoka.