HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
WESTERN CHALUKYAS- BADAMI CHALUKYAS: They ruled North Karnataka with the capital city at Badami or Vatapi. Pulakesin I founded the dynasty. Pulakesin I1, the strongest ruler of the dynasty defeated Western Gangs, Kadambas of Vanavasi, Banas Vishnukundins and finally the Pallavas. The main cause for the dynastic wars n Chalukyas and Pallavas was regarding the control over Krishna-Godavari riv er basin e-The Aihole inscription, composed by Ravi Kirti akesin I1. After rsha Vardhana, Pulakesin II took the title of Parameswara. In the wars with a Vardhana, PulakesinI Pallavas, he de feated Mahendravarman I and appointed his cousin Kunbjavishnuvardhana as the 34
governor of the East Coast of Andhra region. He also sent an ambassadot to the court of the emperor Khusrau and also received an ambassador from him.1 He was killed by Narasimhavarman I, son of Mahendravarnam I of the Pallavas in the Battle of Badami. Keertivar na II was the last great king of the Western Chalukyas, defeated by his Samanta Dantidurga in the battle of Khed. Dua founded the Rastrakuta dynasty. .i.I The most powerful merchant association was the Aihole Guild. Vishnuvardhana founded the Eastern Calukyan dynasty with the capital city Vengi. Guild Veerebalarya Cultural Contribution sleat tbe trabu in th Koakan Coat They introduced a new style of temple architecture called Vasara or Deccan style. It was an admixture of North Indian Nagara and South Indian Dravida. No cement or mortar was used and stones were aligned together to form the edifice.
PALLVA DYNAST'Y The early Pallavas ruled from Amaravati. The dynasty was founded by Sivaskandavarma. Vishnugopa of this dynasty was defeated by Samudragupta X Later Pallava Dynasty They ruled from Kanchipuram. The dynasty was founded by Simhavishniu. Mahendravarman I was the defeated by Pulakesin II. Narasimhavarman I, the greatest of h rthe Pallavas killed Pulakesin II and took the tile Mahamalla (Great wrestler). He founded Pondaas the city Mahamallapuram also known as Mahabalipuram. He also constructed the famous Au t Sahad eva Shore temple at Mahabalipuram. The Shore temple was dedicated to Martanda, a form of Seven Pagoda Temples (all monolithic) at Mahabalipuram. Narasimhavarman II built the Shiva. He also constructed the famous Kailashnath Temple at Kanchi. Nandivarman constructed the famous Vykunta Perumal temple at Kanchi Aparajita Varman was the last of the Pallavas, defeated by Aditya Chola of the Chola dynasty. nshna G Contribution of Pallavas alavon It was the first royal dynasty that was devoted for promoting education and learning in the South. Ghatikas were the centres of learning under Pallavas. The capital city Kanchi became popular a the Dakshint Kasi or Varanasi of the South and became a centre for Sanskrit learning Mahendravarman I wrote the famous Mattavilasaprahasana, a sattire on Jain and Shiva tradit Dandin wrote Dasakumaracharitra on the birth of Kartikeya. ions. He ax calad Vicitraehitto vi wrote Kiratariuniyyam on the fight between Arjuna and Shiva (in form of Kirat) Pallavas were responsible for t Bhairavakonda and Sittannavasal also belonged to the Pallavan age. he Dravida style of temple aschitecture. The cave temples at The three masterpieces of Pallavan sculpture are the descendance of Ganga onto the earth Krishna lifting the Goverdhan Parvat and the penance of Arjuna all found in Mahabalipuram