HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas College, DU * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre. *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
III. Balaji Bajirao (1740- 1761)* He became Peshwa at the age of 18. His actual name was Nana Sahib. Raghunath Rao Bhonsle of Nagpur conquered Carnatic, Mysore, crossed river Mahanadi, defeated Alvardi Khan (the ruler of Bengal) and collected Chauth from all defeated Statesbatl o panipet h uum who shsul rla Inua wha battle , Mauavas * has THIRD BATTLE OF PANI PAT: JAN 14, 1761: Yaub not cut . a ad kok It was fought between Marathas and Ahmad xii Shah Abdali of Persia. Abdali attacked India for the first time in 1757 A.D. The Mughal S\ Emperor, Alamgir II, requested for the help of the Marathas. Dattaji Shinde sent by the Peshwas, i defeated Timur Shah- son of Abdali and Govemor of Punjab.The Maratha leaders who e participated in the Battle were Danaji Gaikwad, Malhar Rao Holkar, Jankoji Scindia, Vishwas wle Rao (Son of Peshwa) and Sadashiv Rao Bahu (cousin of Peshwa). Bahu was the supreme aed commandr. Malhar Rao Holkar withdrew from the participation. Ibrahim Gardi was the tCommander of Maratha artillery forces.The main cause for the defeat of Marathas was the lack in of support from the Sikhs and Jats,The English were the ones who benefitted most from the third le battle of Panipat. The Peshwa died of shock.He was called the founder of the greater Marath empire. 0
IV. Madhav Rao (1761-1771) He was the last great Peshwa,popular for his administrative reforms. The death Madahv Rao was felt more disastrous than the Third Battle of Panipat as per Joseph Mastyne. V. Narayan Rao Narayan Rao was murdered by Raghunath Rao Bhonsle (Raghuba). VI. Madhav Narayan The posthumous son of Narayan Rao was declared Sixth Peshwa by Nana Pha dnavis. FIRST ANGLO MarATHA W R (1779-1782 A.D.) In 1775 Raghuba signed Surat Treaty with General Gioddard of Rombay. In 1776 Nana signed Purandhar Treaty with Governor General Warren Hastings, promising to give Salsette " the English maintained neutrality.In 1779 the Bombay Government under Goddard declared war on Pune Government of Peshwa. Nana was supported by Mahdaji Scindia. They defeated General Goddard and forced him to sign Wedgaon Convention in 1779, by which the English lost all their settlements. The war ended with Salbai Treaty in 1782. Warren Hastings agreed to recognize Madhav Narayan as Peshwa. Raghuba was deposed. As promised, Marathas surrendered Salsette and agreed to support the English in the second Anglo-Mysore war.
SEconD ANGLO MARATHA wAR (1803- 1805 A.D.) After the First Anglo Maratha war, Marathas succeeded in gaining their lost power and prestige. aji Scindia that escorted the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II from Ayodhya to Delhi. hadnavis supported the English in the Anglo-Mysore wars. In 1798 Peshwa Madhav a was made the Peshwa. In 1800 Nana Phadnavis, the last great statesman in the history of Marathas died.Peshwa Bajirao II, with the support of Scindia got the brother of Jaswant Rao Holkar murdered. Holkar retaliated by defeating the Peshwa and by looting Pune.In 1802 the Peshwa signed a treaty with Lord Wellesley called LiBessain Treaty, requesting the help of the English. In 1803 Bhonsle and Scindia declared war on Peshwa. Bhonsle was defeated by Arthur Wellsley, brother of Governor General Lord Wellesley and signed Subsid ary Alliance System. Scindia was defeated by Lord Lake. Lake entered Del.hi and imprisoned Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II. However Lake was defeated by Jaswant Rao Holkar. In the second expedition, Lake defeated Holkar. Holkar took shelter in the court of Raja Narayan died. Bajirao II, grandson of Raghub aJ Rao l Ranit Singh and eas the ls to sign the Subsidary Alliance System. (I8os)
THIRD ANGLO MARATHA WAR (1818) Peshwa Bajirao Il got the ambassador of Gaikwads, Gngadhar Shashtri murdered by Triambakji Dengle. Peshwa refused to hand over Triambakji to the English and declared war. He was defcated in the Battles of Kirki, Asti and Koregaon. Results of the Anglo-Maratha War Maratha confederacy got dissolved. A State called Satara was created and Pratap Singh, a distant relative of Shivaji was made King of Satara.1s The last Peshwa, Bajirao II was granted pension of lacs per annum and was deported to Bethur 13S ncar Kanpur.