HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas College, DU * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre. *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
INDO - ISLAMIC CULTURE Bhnkti Movement- he movement emerged ditterent schools of thought- e in response to the challenges posed by Islam. It developed under two 1. Ningunabhakti which believed infomless worship. It was introduced first by Adi Shankara and later followed by Kabir. Guru Nanak, Malak Das, Dadu Dayal, Birban and Ghora. 2. Sagunabhakti believed inthe worship of form. It believed that God is the biggesf manifestatior of eyerything perfect. It was championed by the Vaishnava philosophers like Ramanuja, Nimbaraka, Madhva, Vallabha, Meera Bai, Chaitanya, Tulsidas, Surdas and Sundaradas. All the reformers lI the reformers followed a defensive policy of reforming Hinduism except Swami Vidyarana, his brother Sayana and Parthasarathy
ADISHANKARA/SHANKARACHARYA hampion, qrtat t4inka e was born at Kaladi in Kerala andbecame a saint at the age of five. He was the disciple of Govindacharya.He wrote commentaries on Brahmasutras.His popular works were Vivekachudamani, Saundaryalahari, Bhajgovindam, Shivanandalahari and Yogataravali. He founded the philosophy Advaitasiddhant.To preach and protect the Sanatan dharma, he founded Ashramas/Mathas at Sringeri in Karnataka, Dwaraka in Gujarat, Puri and Badrinath.He died at the age of 32.The followers of Shankara were called Smarthas RAMANUJACHARYA He was born at Sriperumbudur. He was the disciple of Yamuna Muni and Vedpr founded the philosophy called Visisthadvaita and preached Vaishnavism. He was banished from Sriperumbudur by Kulottanga Vaishnava Math. akash. He Chola. He wrote Sri Bashya and was the head of Srirangam
He was the disciple of Ramanuja. He was the first to introduce Radhamadhav Cult which was centered on the worship of Radha and Madhav. He founded the philosophy called Dwitaadvaita MADHVACHARYA He was born in Udipi . He was the first to compose commentaries on Brahmasutras in Kannada language. He founded the philosophy called Dwita Siddhanta. VALLABHACHARYA His other name was Achinitabhadra. He was the first to preach and promote Krishna bhakti on the basis of Maha Bhagwad Purana. He founded the philosophy Shuddhaadvaita which believed He prescribed Pushtimarga as the means for salvation (extreme devotion 1to God) RAMANAND He was the most popular Bhakti reformer f Ramabh from the lower castes. His disciples Cobbler) and Kabir (a weaver).He composed Ananda bhasya rom Uttar Pradesh. He was the first to preach akti and the first to preach in Hindi. Also, he was the first reformer to accept disciples were Dhana (a Jat farmer); Sena (a Barber); Ravi Das (a
KABIR 12 Born at Prayag, he was the most popular Bhakti reformer. He was the first reformer to preach Universal Religion and Hindu-Muslim unity. He was the most important disciple of Ramanandand also accepted a Sufi Saint, Pir Ti as his Guru.He was persecuted by Sikander Lodi for preachn Hindu-Muslim unity.The sayings of Kabir are popular as Dohas. Bizaks were the compiled works of Dohas.The followers of Kabir were called Kabirapanthis. > an pop woriten in Bhesp follower of Kabi were calledKabirapan hattu A% t n GURU NaNAK Born at Talwandi, he was influenced. by Kabir. 'Sach Akhand (Ultimate Truth) was the main theme of his teachings. Nanak preached Universal Brotherhood and Monotheism.The followers of Nanak s are called 'Sikhs'
MEERA BAI The most popular woman Bhakti reformer, Meera, was bor n Kudki in Rajasthan. She belonged to the family of Sisodias and was the wife of Rana Bhojraj. She was the first to introduce Giridhara Gopala Cult of Brindavan and also the first to introduce Bhajans in Bhakti movement. Sh aw thi dwafte uo ftu diua He was the most popular Bhakti reformer from Bengal.He was born at Nabadwip (Nadia). He was the disciple of Keshav Bhakti.His other names were Gouranga and Vishwambar. He was the first to preach Vaishnavism in Bengal and Orissa. Puri was the main centre of his activities and he was first to introduce Kirtans in Bhakti movement. He died in a state of ecstasy. Preached Dy him dancng rhile kirtan 4* TULASIDAS He was a contemporary of Akbar and he wrote the all time great Ramcharitmanas in the language Awadhi inmu
e prea ed sabhakti and wrote Sursagar. wn le wrote Sundaravilasa tat deals wit six Indian philosophical systems. lon in the community of weavers at Ahmedabad, he preached Nirgunabhakti. His teachings were compiled in the form of Dadu Dayaram Ki Bani IRIAN lom at Kamal in laryana in the community of farmers.he preached Nirgunabhakti and I on Satyam or Truth. His followers were called Satnamis. Pothi is the sacred text o Satnamis lle was the first to preach Vaishnaism n Brahmaputra Valley (Assam) He was the.founder Ika Saranadharma and Vecrapurushamarga (to defend one's faith)