HISTORY (Modern) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
3.ENGLISH 0, English East India Company was founded as a Joint Stock Company of s given a Charter with monopoly rights for 15 years by Queen Elizabeth. In 1611 A.D. with the permission of .D., Francis Day John Mindan lall was the first English to visit India in 1599, the court of Akbar in Agra. In December 1600, shareholders. It was 1604 the monopoly was extended for an indefinite period by James They founded their first settlement/factory at Machilipatnam in I uti Qutub Shah of Golconda through a Golden Farmana. In 1639 A ained permission from The Raia of Chandragiri, to settle at Chennapatnam (Chennai). In 1655. Chennai/Madras became the first Municipality. In 1658. In Bengal, the English establis George Boughton was the doctor that attended upon Shuja (Doctor Diplomacy) In 1653. the English settled down at Dacca, Hugli, Cassimbazar, Chinsurah and Patna. In 1690, Job Charnock fortified three villages: Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikatta, and thus ras Presidency was formed with Francis Day as the first President. hed their first settlement at Hariharapore in 1633 Mad founded the city of Calcutta. In 1700, The English constructed Fort Williams at Calcutta and Bengal Presidency was formed with Charles Eyre as the first President In 1667, Bombay became the main centre of English trade on the West Coast. English trade- Their maximum trade was in printed textiles called 'Calicoes'.
Anglo Mughal Relations tain Hawkins, Captain Edwards and Sir Thomas Roc were the English ambassadors to the court of Jahangir. In 1690, Aurangzeb defeated the English but permitted them to trade on the condition that the would pay Rs.3000 per annum. In 1717, Mughal Emperor Fraukh Siyar conferred Golden Farmana exempting the English from customs duties in Decan and Gujarat. The farmana was given to Sir John Surman's delegation 4. DANES Danish East India Company was founded in 1616 A.D. Their two settlements in India were Trancuber near Chennai and Serampur in Bengal. Of all Europeans, the Danes were the formost promoters of Chistianity in India.
5. FRENCH The French East India Company was founded in 1664 A.D. at the instance of Jean Coulburt, the Finance Minister of Louis XIV who was called the 'Financial Wizard of Europe'. The French founded their first settlement at Surat in 1666 at the instance of Francois Karan. Their other settlements were Machillipatnam, Pondicherry, Yanam, Mahe, Karaikal, and Chandernagore. The city Pondicherry was the main centre of French trade founded by French Governor, Francois Martin. It was actually called Valikundapuram
ANGLO-FRENCH RIVALRY / CARNAT C WARS First Carnatic War (1746-1748.) Dupleix, the French Governor was the founder of the idea 'French Empire in India'. The First Carnatic War started with Austrian War of Succession between England and France in Europe Dupleix defeated the English and captured Fort St. George (Madras). The Nawab of Carnatic, Anwaruddin sent armies in support of the English. Dupleix defeated the armies of Anwaruddin in the Battle of Santhome (1747 A.D.) near Adyar (Chennai). It was the first Battle in modern India between native and foreign armies and it exposed the weaknesses that marred the Indian army. The war ended with Aixla Chapelle Treaty /Paris Treaty signed in 1748 A.D.