HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
MESOLITHIC AGE: . Microliths . Bow and arrow in hunting . Covering human body with animal skins . The open burial system.
Neolithic age . Cultivation process started. . Wheel made pottery. o Wheel was used for transportation and bullock carts appeared for the first time. .Domestication of animals started. Settled village life began.
NEOLITHIC SITES: . Mehrgarh . Burzhom o Gofkral Kodiwaha . Chirand . Salbalgiri and pandurajar thabi . In South India, maximum number of neolithic sites are concentrated in Karnataka such as piklihal, T.Narsipur, Takkalikota, Bagalkot, Koppagi, Maski.
METAL AGES: Banas culture and Ghanapur culture in rajasthan. o Salvada and prabhas culture in Gujarat. .Jorwe culture in Maharastra. Malwa culture in MP. Inamgaon in Maharastra.
BRONZE AGE (2500BC-1750BC) . IRON AGE (100oBC onwards)
In Tamil Nadu, Pavampalli, in telangana, Utnur and Nagarjuna sagar. . In Andhra pradesh, Kalyandurga. All these neolithic south indian culture have two things in common: They are the first to cultivate crop- Ragi and Rai. Huge ash mounds are found.
INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION . The only surviving culture in the world. Underground drainage system with manhole. . World's most expanded civilization. The first to cultivate cotton and to manufacture textiles They were the first to construct rtificial naval dockyards. Artistically highly skilled.
Antecedents of IVC: . The remains of IVC was first noticed by charles mason. . In 1862, archeological surey of India was constituted by governor general Canning archeology Governor general ford curzon with his Indianmonuments Alexander cunninghan is called the father of Indian field .The archeology department of India was constituted by reservation act 1904. e Sir John marshal was the first director general.