Rajni Jha is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
SOCIETY The nature of society was Patriarchal i.e. the Father was the head of the family cailed Grihapati. The family's lineage was also carried out in father's name. he was also the Dampati i.e. the first among the Couples. It was a rural society I had no towns or urban centres and it mostly depended upon astures for livelihood. It was largely a village society ama system-It evolved for the first time amongst the Aryans. The society was divided into three Varnas at a later stage: e Brahmins . Kshatriyas Vaishyas
wer section were without Varna status. Even lower were the Dasas' or Slaves who were mostly Non-Aryans. The independent Non-Aryans were known as Dasyus Varna classification was done on two parameters n the basis of complesion. This was to pertuate the domination of the fair-skinned Apans. 1. Aryans -Shwetavarna 2. Non-Aryans Krishnavarna There were no restrictions on inter-Varna marriages and dining was permitted. There was no social taboo attached to inter- cb On the hasis of ocypionat and temperament, 3 vaana, u anyone as one could change Varna by changing occupations. The varna socializing. act ini portant so,rce
was the most important source of Purushasukta in the 10h chapter 10th Mandala of Rig Veda Varna system for the Aryans. It defined the four yarnas as emerging out of the four body parts of Brahma ous t wa LoMbosed in lalx vedic period. 2 add* Women had no restrictions in social life. There were no social evils like child marriage, dowry, sati etc. Everyone had thc absolute freedom to study Vedus, to pcrform rituals and were given right to select partners (Swayamvar). There are evidences suggestimg widow remarriage as well. Great woman Scholars of Rig Vedic Age- Gargi, Maitreyi, Viswawara and Lopamudra have been mentioned. Lifelong woman scholars were called Viswavandins.[Vishuo or Vesic peried
Yagnavalkya: The greatest scholar of Rig Vedic times belonged to the Court of Janaka. He composed the famous Brihadaranyke Upanishad that deals with the transmigration of soul (for the first time we find reference to life after death). It was translated into English by T. S. Eliot as 'Wasteland', which got him the Nobel Prize. However, Yagnavalkya was challenged by Gargi.