HISTORY (Modern) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
ANGLO-FRENCH RIVALRY / CARNAT C WARS First Carnatic War (1746-1748.) Dupleix, the French Governor was the founder of the idea 'French Empire in India'. The First Carnatic War started with Austrian War of Succession between England and France in Europe Dupleix defeated the English and captured Fort St. George (Madras). The Nawab of Carnatic, Anwaruddin sent armies in support of the English. Dupleix defeated the armies of Anwaruddin in the Battle of Santhome (1747 A.D.) near Adyar (Chennai). It was the first Battle in modern India between native and foreign armies and it exposed the weaknesses that marred the Indian army. The war ended with Aixla Chapelle Treaty /Paris Treaty signed in 1748 A.D.
Second Carnatic War (1749- 1754) In the Civil war that started at Hyderabad, the French supported Muzaffar Jung and English supported Nasir Jung. In Carnatic, French supported Chanda Sahib and English supported Anwaruddin. Dupleix defeated the English armies in the Battle of Ambur (1749), However, Muzaffar Jung was killed by the Nawabs of Kurnool and Cuddapah. The French declared Salabat Jung as the Nawab of Hyderabad. In 1751, Salabat Jung gave away Northern Circars (Coastal Andhra districts) to the French. Later in 1751, Robert Clive, an accountant in the East India Company captured Arcot which was the capital city of Carnatic and held the fort for 53 days, following which Dupleix was suspended. The war ended with Pondicherry Treaty in 1754
Third Carnatic War (1756 - 1763) It started with Seven Years' War between England and France in Europe Bussey, the French Commander was defeated by Colonel Forde in the Batle of Chendurti 757 The French lost Hyderabad. The most important battle was the Battle of Wandiwash or Vandavasi fought on Jan 22, 1760.The entire French navy under Count de Lallay was devastated by Colonel Eyre Coote of the English. The war, once and for all ended the fortunes of the French in India. The war finally ended with Paris Treaty in 1764.
LATER MUHGALS -Bahadur Shah-1 ( 1707-1712) Mauzzam and was also called Shah Alam I. He abolished Jizia once again. ra jail. He His actual name was He recognized Raja Ajit Singh as the ruler of Marwar. He released Shahu from thc i * was also called Shah-i-Bekhabar for his liberal policies. Jahandar Shah (1712- 1713) For the first time, Mughal nobles became powerful in Court. Jahandar Shah came to power with the support of Wazir Zulfiqar Ali. UnanTuhandan Shah ,noMA weAK Farukh Siyar (1713- 1719) He came to power with the support of Syyid Brothers called 'the kingmakers'. They headed the Hindustani faction. In 1715, Banda Bahadur, the last Sikh leader was executed. Siyar preserved all the Mughal paintings in Red Fort. He was later killed by Syyid Brothers.
ame was Roshan Akhtar and was unpopular as Rangeela. Syyid Brothers were killed e Turani faction led by Sadat Khan and Asafzha Nizam-ul-Mulk. The Mughal empire ted and Bengal became independent under Murshid Quli Khan. Sadat Khan founded ependent State of Oudh (Ayodhya) and Asafzha founded the independent State of dmmed Shah (1719- 1748) His actual by th disti Hyderabad. Throne to Persia. attacked Delhi in 1739 and took away the Kohinoor Diamond and the Peacock Ahmed Shah (1748- 1754) He was under the influence of court dancer Uddam Bai. Ahmad Shah appointed two years ol infants as Governors of Punjab and Kashmir. Alamgir II (1754- 1759 His actual name was Azizuddin. The Battle of Plassey in 1757 A.D. was fought during his time. Ahmad Shah Abdali, the king of Persia attacked seven times. Shah Alam II(1759-1806) His actual name was Ali Guhar. Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 and Battle of Buxar in 1764 were the major events .during his reign. In 1765, he took part in the Allahabad Treaty and granted Diwani rights (rights to collect revenue) to the English East India Company in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. He became the prisoner of the English after the Second Anglo Maratha war.
Akbar II (1806. - 1837) He conferred the title of Raja' upon Rammohan Roy and deputed him to London to plead the Pension case in the Privy Council Bahadur Shah II Zafar (1837 - 1857) He was the last Mughal emperor and the nominal head of the 1857 revolt. Mirza Ghalib, the father of Modern Urdu potery, was patronized by him. He was deported to Burma, where he died in 1865