HISTORY (ANCIENT) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
MAURYAS Indian Sources: a) Arthashastra, written by Kautilya- The main theme of the treatise was Statecraft. It was later discovered and translated into English by Shyama Sastri. b) Mudrarakshasa, writen by Visakadutta-It deals with the diplomacy of Rakshasa, the Prime Minister of Nandas. c Kautilya also wrote Chandragupta Katha. Foreign Sources a) Indica, written by Megasthenes (Deals with city administration of Pataliputra)- He stated that there were no drinking habits, no slavery etc. He divided the Indian society into seven castes based on profession. He also stated that the city administration of Pataliputra was managed by a municipal board of thirty members.
b) Ptolemy wrote Geography. Lal abo kada &commmerce K c) Pliny, the Elder, wrote Natural History. He lamented on the drain of wealth from Rome to India. The works of both Ptolemy and Pliny, deals with trade, commerce and communication system under the Mauryas Aiaalo wte ndica h Namismatic Evidence: gea historian wo doe enly quote Indica Coin age started with the Mauryas as they were the first to issue punch-marked (minted) coins. Signs on Mauryan coins: Peacock,Hill and Crescent were found on Mauryan coins. Peacock was the royal sign of Mauryas. The word Mauryas is derived from 'Muriyas'i.e. who tamed peacocks. Important coins were Tola (Gold) and Pana (Silver). Each Pana was equal to th ofa Tola. Mauryas used to mint coins in Ashada masa (beginning of the financial year)
Mauryan Polity Khash Chandragupta Maurya: He was the founder of Maurya dynasty and the Greeks called him Sandrakottes. In 305 B.C. he cleucus Nikator, the representative of Alexander. Agreement was reached between the two in 305 B.C and w reaty n ndian history between a native king and a foreign ruler He conquered Saurashtra and appointed Pushyagupta as the Governor. Pushyagupta constructed the famous Sudarshana Lake. I was attested by Rudradaman's (Greatest of the Saks)narh inscription. He as the first king to envisage the ideas of Weltare State and paternal kingship (treating s subjects as children). He also was the first to take the titles Devanampriya (beloved of Gods) and Priyadarshi (one who loves to be admired) Chandragupta abdicated the throne for his son. Bindusara, accepted Jainism and performed Sallckhana vrata at Sravanabelagola.
Bindusara: Bindusara was called Amitragatha (slayer of enemies). Megasthenese was replaced by Diamachus as the Greek embassador to the court of Bindusara -He sent a delegation to the king of Syria, Atiochus-l Theos Sotor requesting him to send wine, figs and a philosopher. Susina, the eldest of 100 sons was the Governor of Taxila. He failed to suppress the revolt of the guilds in his region.Ashoka, the Governor of Ujain suppressed the revolt. Bindusara was the follower of the sect called Ajivikas.