Rajni Jha is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
HISTORY (Modern) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
Trade- Their maximum trade was carried out in spices. They were the first to start licensing system and to follow monopolistic trade. The liscenses given by the Portuguese were called Cartazes. Downfallof the Portugese in India- In 1612, Captain Best of the English defeated the Portuguese in the Battle of Swalley and they lost Surat to the English. In 1620, Ormuz was lost to the Dutch In 1630, Hugli was lost.' In 1663, Cochin was lost to the Dutch. In 1668, Mumbai was given away as dowry to Prince CharlesII of Englnad who married the Portuguese Princess Catherine of Briganza. Goa, Daman and Diu upto 196
2. DUTCH n 1603 A.D. Their first settlement in India was the main centre Dutch East India Company was founded 1603 Machilipatnam (in Andhra Pradesh) in 1605 A.D. Upto 1689 A.D., Pulicot wa of Dutch trade. 1689 onwards Nagapatnam became the main centre of Dutch trade in India. ich was the first Their other settlements were Bhimunipatnam (near Vishkhapatnam) w Municipal Corporation in India. In Bengal, Cassimbazar, Chinsurah, Hugli, Dacca an Bihar) were their other settlements. On the West Coast- Or On the Malabar Coast,Cochin was of prime importance. The Dutch traded maximum in textile and indigo. The best indigo was produce Gujarat and Sarkaz near Agra. The Dutch carfied out trade called Intra-A (ndia to Indonesia and Indonesia to Europe) trade. Batavia in Indonesia was the main centre for entire Dutch trade in Asia and hence the Dutch trade was called Batavian Trade. nuz, Cambay, Surat, Broach and in North, Agra was their settlement. d in Bayana in sian and Euro-Asian Anglo-Dutch Rivalry In 1622, 23 English merchants were killed by the Dutch at a place called Ambayano in Indonesia (Ambayao Massacre). In retaliation, the English defeated the Dutch in the Battle of Bedara in 1759. The Dutch surrendered all their settlements in India in return for all English settlements in Indonesia.
3.ENGLISH 0, English East India Company was founded as a Joint Stock Company of s given a Charter with monopoly rights for 15 years by Queen Elizabeth. In 1611 A.D. with the permission of .D., Francis Day John Mindan lall was the first English to visit India in 1599, the court of Akbar in Agra. In December 1600, shareholders. It was 1604 the monopoly was extended for an indefinite period by James They founded their first settlement/factory at Machilipatnam in I uti Qutub Shah of Golconda through a Golden Farmana. In 1639 A ained permission from The Raia of Chandragiri, to settle at Chennapatnam (Chennai). In 1655. Chennai/Madras became the first Municipality. In 1658. In Bengal, the English establis George Boughton was the doctor that attended upon Shuja (Doctor Diplomacy) In 1653. the English settled down at Dacca, Hugli, Cassimbazar, Chinsurah and Patna. In 1690, Job Charnock fortified three villages: Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikatta, and thus ras Presidency was formed with Francis Day as the first President. hed their first settlement at Hariharapore in 1633 Mad founded the city of Calcutta. In 1700, The English constructed Fort Williams at Calcutta and Bengal Presidency was formed with Charles Eyre as the first President In 1667, Bombay became the main centre of English trade on the West Coast. English trade- Their maximum trade was in printed textiles called 'Calicoes'.
Anglo Mughal Relations tain Hawkins, Captain Edwards and Sir Thomas Roc were the English ambassadors to the court of Jahangir. In 1690, Aurangzeb defeated the English but permitted them to trade on the condition that the would pay Rs.3000 per annum. In 1717, Mughal Emperor Fraukh Siyar conferred Golden Farmana exempting the English from customs duties in Decan and Gujarat. The farmana was given to Sir John Surman's delegation 4. DANES Danish East India Company was founded in 1616 A.D. Their two settlements in India were Trancuber near Chennai and Serampur in Bengal. Of all Europeans, the Danes were the formost promoters of Chistianity in India.
5. FRENCH The French East India Company was founded in 1664 A.D. at the instance of Jean Coulburt, the Finance Minister of Louis XIV who was called the 'Financial Wizard of Europe'. The French founded their first settlement at Surat in 1666 at the instance of Francois Karan. Their other settlements were Machillipatnam, Pondicherry, Yanam, Mahe, Karaikal, and Chandernagore. The city Pondicherry was the main centre of French trade founded by French Governor, Francois Martin. It was actually called Valikundapuram