HISTORY (MEDIEVAL) BY RAJNI J HA
ABOUT ME: Faculty of GS in Karol Bagh, Delhi College, DU * . . Bsc Chemistry Honours from Ramjas * MA English from JMI e MA sociology MA psychology B.ed from IPU Former faculty member at paramount coaching centre *Teaching experience of five years in various prominent coaching centres
MUGHAL ADMINISTRATION Sources I. Ain-i-Akbari written by Abul Fazal deals with Akbar's administration. 2. Akbarnamah, also written by Abul Fazal deals with Akbar's administration. 3.Muntaqab-uth-Tawarikh by Mullah Badauni deals with Akbar's religious policy, a critique. 4. Iqbalnamah Jahangiri written by Mutamad Khandeals with Jahangir's administration. 5. Padshahnamah written by Abdul Hamid Lahori deals with Shahjahan's administration. 6. Muntakab-ul-Lubab by Khafi Khan deals with the administration of Aurangzeb. , Ro 53
Central Government Administration r assisted by Mir-i-mal (Royal Exchequer) and Mir-i- y Miri-mal (Royal Exchequer) and MiiTa charge of Crown lands called Khalisa lands). meax Mir Bakshi (Chief Commander) Mir Saman (in charge of royal palace) Mir-i-Tuzak (in charge of royal ceremonies) Mir-i-Dakchowki (Post master) Waqa-i-Nawis (Royal Correspondent) Harkhara (Royal Spy) Mohitsib (Censor Officer)- ( means hs
+The empire was divided into provinces called Subas, each of which was Subedaar/Sipahsalar from the times of Akbar.Subahs were further div Sarkars, headed by Fauzdar and assisted by a revenue officer called Poddar and a Qazi judicial administration. Kotwa was the officer-in-charge of the administration.Paraganahwas the group of villages, administered by Amil (Chief R Officer). At the village level, the Hindu aristocracy continued as before. ided into districts c Revenue
+ Revenue Administration Axbar initially followed Sher Shah's revenue systems, particularly the Zabt System. Raja T odar Mal was made the Revenue Minister of Akbar and was known as 'Diwan-i-Ashraf Todar Mal introduced 'Bandobast', a revenue assessment system and classified land into fou categories: Polaj (best tract), Parauti (second best), Checher (third grade) and Banjar (leas fertile). On the basis of the average produce for the last 10 years, the category of land was decided and accordingly tax was levied.Dastur-ul-Amal was the price list for every area's agricultural commodities. Akbar appointed supervisors for revenue collection called Karoris at araganah level.
Military Administration! Yurlagk n Tuhal awas The Mansabdari system was the unique admistrative system under the Mughals. Though introduced by Babur, it was perfected by Akbar. The Mansabdars were the civil servants selected on merit. They discharged civil, military and judicial functions on behalf of the State/Emperor and were given lands called Jagirs.The highest rank in Mansabdari of above 5000 was conferred by Akbar on Raja Man Singh and Azizuddin Kuka (11,000 Sawars) Mir-i-Atish was in-charge of artillery. ' -x kresr A ,000 *Mir-i-Bahari was in-charge of Navy. Mir-i-Askan was in-charge of the military offences * Judicial Administration Department of Judiciary called Qazi-ul-qazat was headed by a Chief Justice known as Sadr-us-Sudur.He disposed justice on behalf of the king. Dharmashalas, the rest house for beggars were set up in different parts of the empire. builr bj Akbau