Photoperiodism refers to the response of plants to the lengths of dark and light periods.
Short-day Plants Long-day Plants Critical night length Plants generally fall into three photoperiod categories: long-day plants, short-day plants, and day-neutral plants.
it The effect of photoperiodism in plants is not limited to when they will flower. Photoperiodism also affects the growth of roots and stems.
Long-day plants generally flower during the summer months when nights are short and days go longer. Examples of long-day plants are carnations and oats.
On the other hand, short-day plants flower during seasons that have longer periods of night. They require a continuous amount of darkness before flower development can begin.
There are plants which are referred to as day-neutral plants. They do not flower based on a particular photoperiod.
And guess who is benefitted the most with the knowledge of a plant's photoperiod? Gardeners Manipulating a plant into a flowering stage can provide several benefits, particularly to commercial growers. For example, plants can be forced to flower by exposing or restricting its access to light