How are Oil and Natural gas formed?
Oil and gas are important fossil fuels formed from the decomposition and pressurisation of algae, plankton and other organisms.
These low-lying areas are parts of sedimentary basins that are filled up over tens of millions of years by fragmented material that hardens into rock lavers
The First Stage
All of the oil and gas we use today began as microscopic plants and animals living in the ocean millions of years ago
The Second Stage
After getting buried even deeper, heat and pressure began to rise. The amount of pressure and the degree of heat, along with the type of biomass, determined if the material became oil or natural gas. More heat produced lighter oil
The Third Stage
Ground L Beam Pump Processing Facility Export Line Aquifer Other oil and natural gas deposits migrated until they were caught under impermeable layers of rock or clay where they were trapped. These trapped deposits are where we find oil and natural gas today. Shale Cap Rock Hydraulic Fractures Reservoir Rock