The Chera dynasty were one of the principal dynasties in the early history of the present day states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in South India.
empire Gangas of Chola Talakkad Together with the Cholas and the P andyas , they were known as one of the 3 major political powers of ancient Tamilakam in Tamil Nadu in the early centuries of the Christian Era. Cheras ofPandyas Mahodayapuram of Madurai
The Early Cheras are known to have established capitals at various locations around Karur, Muziris and lyndis among others. 92
Bay of Bengal Ezhil Malai Kongus Kudanad Cholas Arabian sea uttanad Pandyas Ays The Chera kingdom owed its importance to 'trade' with the Middle East and the Graeco-Roman world. Its geographical advantages, like the presence of a large number of rivers connecting the Ghat mountains with the Arabian sea.
In the 12th century, they moved their capital further south to Kollam from Kodungallur (or Makotai) following a series of wars with the Cholas.
The worship of departed heroes was a common practice in the Chera kingdom along with tree worship and other kinds of ancestor worship
There was great patronage of the arts, literature and science and several important contributions in these fields were made during the later Cheras.