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100 lessons,
4h 52m
What is Pax Romana?
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In this video learn about what is Pax Romana, and who succeeded in bringing about this change in the Roman Empire.

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  1. What is Pax Romana

  2. And it happened between the accession of Caesar Augustus, founder of the Roman principate, and the death of Marcus Aurelius.

  3. During this period of approximately 206 years (27 BC to AD 180), the Roman empire achieved its greatest territorial extent.

  4. Pax Romana is known to have its first record record in a writing by Seneca the Younger in 55 AD.

  5. The Pax Romana began when Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatrya in the Battle of Actium on 2 September 31 BC.

  6. The Pax Romana was not immediate, despite the end of the civil wars. Augustus closed the Gates of Janus

  7. Augustus' challenge was to persuade Romans that the prosperity they could achieve in the absence of warfare was better for the Empire than the potential wealth and honor acquired when fighting a risky war

  8. Roman trade in the Mediterranean increased during the Pax Romana. Romans benefited from large profits and incomes in the Roman empire were raised due to trade in the Mediterranean.