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What is Hydraulic Fracturing?
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In this bytes video learn about what is Hydraulic fracturing and how does it affect the environment. For Hindi version click on - https://unacademy.com/lesson/what-is-hydraulic-fracturing/W0SUBNI0

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  1. How does Hydraulic Fracturing affect the environment?


  2. The Oil and Gas industry has been expanding consistently for decades due to the advances in technology in the processes of extracting, transporting and delivering the commodities


  3. This extraction process combines chemicals with large amounts of water and sand at high rates of pressure to create rock formations.


  4. Let's look at how Hydraulic Fracturing affects the environment


  5. One of the main chemicals used in the fracking process is , and it is estimated that 4 methane % of it escapes into the atmosphere during extraction


  6. The ancillary components of fracking directly increase air pollution at well sites.


  7. Millions of gallons of water are used in the fracking process, which directly reduces the amount of clean water available to surrounding residents


  8. Between 20% and 40% of the water used for fracking that is returned to the ground surface consists of toxic contaminants


  9. Fracking may cause earthquakes due to the high pressure used to extract oil and gas from rock and the storage of excess wastewater on site.