The Mongol Empire at Genghis Khan's death in 1227 at its greatest extent in 1279
The Mongol Empire emerged from the unification of several nomadic tribes in the Mongol homeland under the leadership of Genghis Khan
M ONG oLI KHIVA HAM TASHKENT Kal SAMARKAND Kusa US YAR ANT oLL MMIAN IAN (Chang An) NERAT IA C HHI N A The vast transcontinental empire connected the East with the West with an enforced Pax Mongolica allowing the dissemination and exchange of trade, technologies, commodities and ideologies across Eurasia. ca
The empire began to split due to wars over succession, as the grandchildren of Genghis Khan disputed whether the royal line should follow from his son and initial heir Ogedei or from one of his other sons
Kublai successfully took power, but civil war ensued as he sought unsuccessfully to regain control of the Chagatayid and Ogedeid families.
By the time of Kublai's death in 1294, the Mongol Empire had broken into four separate khanates or empires, each pursuing its own separate interests and objectives
In 1304, the three western khanates briefly accepted the nominal suzerainty of the Yuan dynasty. 1r.ee ) " , " M 12 )