The Chernobyl Disaster
BELARUS RUSSIA Chernobyl Kiev POLAND Dnieper UKRAINE SLOVAKIA Sea of Azov The Chernobyl Power Complex, lying about 130 km north of Kiev, Ukraine, and about 20 km south of the border with Belarus, consisted of four nuclear reactors. Crimea
The accident took place in 1986
he interaction of very hot fuel with the cooling water led to fuel fragmentation along with rapid steam production and an increase n pressure.
The accident caused the largest uncontrolled radioactive release into the environment ever recorded for any civilian operation, and large quantities of radioactive substances were released into the air for about 10 days.
Acute radiation syndrome (ARS was initially iagnosed 237 people onsite and involved with the elean-up and it was later confirmed in 134 cases.
In 1989, the World Health Organization (WHO) first raised concerns that local medical scientists had incorrectly attributed various biological and health effects to radiation exposure.