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Different Models Of Secularism.(In Hindi)
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In this lesson, we talk about the 2 models of secularism- The Western model and the Indian Model

Lavanya Kapoor
Pursuing B.El.Ed from DU. Happy reader! Occasional gyaani :)

Unacademy user much for this course.very helpful for understand political theory......
Ma'am please make lessons of development and peace also
please Ma'am upload last 2 lesson 1) Peace 2) Development through your lesson I found a comprehensive understanding of this book... thanks a lot Ma'am..
Ma'am aage k 2 chapters? kha h?
  1. Different models of secularism

  2. ABOUT ME &Lavanya Kapoor Pursuing Bachelors of Elementary Education from LSR, Delhi University Love to talk to people and know more about them IN PERSON *Have a passion for teaching &Currently quite averse to social media Follow me on Unacademy

  3. Secularism is not a FIXED, NON-FLEXIBLE concept Each State has the flexibility and freedom to interpret it in its own way That is why we see different models of secularism around us, in different countries

  4. Western model of secularism In the West, secularism means ABSOLUTE EXCLUSION of the State and the religious institutions US is the prime example of a state which follows this model of secularism

  5. No interference from religion This means that any decision which the state takes will only be on constitutional basis, and not on the basis of religion Religion cannot interfere in the operations of the state The state will have its independent jurisdiction Religion will not intervene in formation of public policy

  6. No interference from state This is a more serious implication of the Western model of secularism Basically, even if a religion is doing something which is against the ideals of the state, the state has virtually no power to interfere in the religion and stop it from doing so

  7. That is why we do not see America banning burqa or Turban, like France did Even if a religion engages in regressive measures like discrimination against women, the State cannot really do much about it

  8. Individual and the State The West has always kept the 'individual first' principle The west believes that if each individual is happy, the state would automatically function properly This means that no matter what the decision is, the individual should not feel discriminated against

  9. Since religion falls into the INDIVIDUAL DOMAIN in all non-theocratic states, the Western States would not engage in any sort of interference in religious practices

  10. The Western model, scrutinized When we scrutinize the western model, we realize that secularism there implies an EQUAL DISTANCE from ALL RELIGIONS This means that there remains no scope for STATE-SPONSORED religious reforms However, off late, even the US has engaged in anti-secular practices

  11. So ultimately, even the Western model is moving towards the more acceptable form of secularism This is the Indian model of secularism

  12. In India, religion and state are not mutually exclusive The state can intervene in religion whenever it feels that it is needed Mostly, the state intervenes when religion engaged in unjust practices Off late, Indian State has passed various laws to curb the discrimination of women that happens in the name of religion

  13. Seeks to remove both inter-religious and intra-religious secularism Practices secularism at the level of the INDIVIDUAL as well as the COMMUNITY India is neither a THEOCRATIC state, nor is it absolutely distancing itself from religion It does not accept religiously sanctioned caste hierarchies

  14. Positive and negative engagement with religion India deals with religion in both positive and negative ways Positive The state might give SUBSIDIES for religious processions to support such initiatives. Negative- It might go on to BAN certain practices which do not gel in with the overall aims and aspirations of the country

  15. So, India has given a forward looking model of secularism to the whole world While most of the points are appreciable, some are worthy of criticism

  16. Thank You!