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TN Textbook Class XIl History SIVA PRASAD
Causes . The sepoys were forced to serve under the Company since their earlier patrons (the native chieftains) were all disappearing from the scene . The strict discipline, practice, new weapons, new methods and uniforms were all new to the sepoys. Anything new appears to be difficult and wrong for a man who is well-settled in the old way of life for a long-time. . Anew from of turban, resembling a European hat. Wearing ear rings and caste marks were also prohibited The sepoys were asked to shave the chin and to trim the moustache. The sepoys felt that these were designed to insult them and their religious and social traditions. . There was also a popular belief that this was the beginning of a process by which all of them would be converted to Christianity.
Causes . The English treated the Indian sepoys as their inferior. There was the racial prejudice. . The sepoys once served the local chieftains (either Hindu or Muslim). The chieftains were their own kinsmen but now they served under the foreigners. They can never forget their original loyalties. . IlIl feeling persisted in the minds of the sepoys
Course of the Mutiny Before the mutiny secret associations were formed and meetings held in which Tipu's family took part. On the eve of the Mutiny at Vellore Fettah Hyder, the first son of Tipu, tried to form an alliance against the English and sought the help of the Marathas and the French. On July 10. in the early morning the native sepoys of the 1 and 23.Regiments started the revolt. British Officers were killed Meantime, the rebels proclaimed Futteh Hyder, Tipu's first son, as their new ruler and hoisted tiger-striped flag of Tipu Sultan. But the uprising was swiftly crushed by Col. Gillespie. Soldiers were killed in the ensuing battle, some were later imprisoned. Some rebels were hung, some shot dead. The uprising was thus brought to a bloody end. Tipu's son was sent to Calcutta. The commander-in-chief and the governor were recalled
VELLORE MUTINY . Vellore Mutiny failed. There was no proper leadership. . The rebellion was also not well organized. But it is the starting point of a new era of the resistance of the sepoys to the British rule. The 18.century was marked by the resistance of the local chieftains. The first six decades of 19 century was marked by the resistance of sepoys.