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Sikh & Parsi reform movement and Self respect Movement
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Siva Prasad is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Siva Prasad
Alumni- Indian Institute of Science(IISc), Bangalore; Part of Harvard Business School CORe 2020 cohort; Telegram ID/Promo code - akmsiva

Unacademy user
very very useful short notes mam. Tommorow is my sessional and after watching these lecture every topic of this chapter has been cleared. thanks mam.
Sweta Kumari
a year ago
Your welcome Shubham
sir any plans on course for NCERT 12 Modern india by bipin chandra?? please reply!
Siva Prasad
a year ago
No immediate plans though, sorry
Surendar R
a year ago
okay sir no problem, thank you so much for your efforts!
  1. TN Textbook Class XIl History SIVA PRASAD

  2. Sikh Reform Movement Punjab also came under the spell of reforms. Baba Dayal Das founded the Nirankari Movement. He insisted the worship of God as nirankar (formless) The Namdhari Movement was founded by Baba Ram Singh. His followers wore white clothes and gave up meat eating. The Singh Sabhas started in Lahore and Amritsar in 1870 were aimed at reforming the Sikh society. They helped to set up the Khalsa College at Amritsar in 1892.They also encouraged Gurmukhi and Punjabi literature. In 1920, the Akalis started a movement to remove the corrupt Mahants (priests) from the Sikh gurudwaras.

  3. Parsi Reform Movement The Parsi Religious Reform Association was founded at Bombay by Furdunji Naoroji and S.S. Bengalee in 1851 They advocated the spread of women's education. They also wanted to reform their marriage customs. Naoroji published a monthly journal, Jagat Mithra. The momentum gathered through these reform movements and went a long way in uplifting the entire community.

  4. Saint Ramalinga Saint Ramalinga was one of the foremost saints of Tamil Nadu in the nineteenth century . In 1865 he founded the Samarasa Suddha Sanmargha Sangha for the promotion of his ideals of establishing a casteless society. . He preached love and compassion to the people. He composed Tiru Arutpa. His other literay works include Manu Murai Kanda Vasagam and Jeeva Karunyam . His language was so simple as to enable the illiterate people to understand his teachings . He also started constructing the Satya Gnana Sabai in 1872. He introduced the principle that God could be worshipped in the form of Light.

  5. Self-Respect Movement and Periyar E.V.R. . Periyar E.V. Ramaswamy was a great social reformer. In 1921, during the anti-liquor campaign he cut down 1000 coconut trees in his own farm. . In 1924, he took an active part in the Vaikam Satyagraha. The objective of the Satyagraha was to secure for untouchables the right to use a road near a temple at Vaikom in Kerala. . In 1925, he started the "Self-Respect Movement". The aims of the 'Self -Respect Movement' were to uplift the Dravidians and to expose the Brahminical tyrany and deceptive methods by which they controlled all spheres of Hindu life. He denounced the caste system and child marriage. He encouraged inter-caste marriages. He himself conducted many marriages without any rituals. Such a marriage was known as "Self- Respect Marriage." . He gave secular names to new born babies.

  6. Self-Respect Movement and Periyar E.V.R. He attacked the laws of Manu, which he called the basis of the entire Hindu social fabric of caste. . He founded the Tamil journals Kudiarasu, Puratchi and Viduthalai to propagate his ideals. . In 1938 at Tamil Nadu Women's Conference appreciatin the noble service e was given the title "Periyar"". rendered by E.V.R. he was given the title "Periyar" . In 1970 by the UNESCO organisation praised and adorned with the title "Socrates of South Asia".