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TN Textbook Class XIl History SIVA PRASAD
INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT (1905-1916)
Revolutionary Movements . In the first half of the 20th century, revolutionary groups sprang up mainly in Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab and Madras. The revolutionaries were not satisfied with the methods of both the moderates and extremists. Hence, they started many revolutionary secret organizations . In Bengal Anusilan Samiti and Jugantar were established. In Maharashtra Savarkar brothers had set up Abhinava Bharat. . In the Madras Presidency, Bharathmatha Association was started by Nilakanta Bramachari
Revolutionary Movements In Punjab Ajit Singh set up a secret society to spread revolutionary ideas among the youth . In London, at India House, Shyamji Krishna Verma gathered young Indian nationalists like Madan Lal Dhingra, Savarkar, V.V.S. lyer and T.S.S.Rajan. Lala Hardyal set up the 'Ghadar Party' in USA to organise revolutionary activities from outside India.