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Charter Act 1833, administrative and revenue reforms by Bentick
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Charter Act 1833, administrative and revenue reforms by Lord Bentick

Siva Prasad is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Siva Prasad
Alumni- Indian Institute of Science(IISc), Bangalore; Part of Harvard Business School CORe 2020 cohort; Telegram ID/Promo code - akmsiva

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  1. TN Textbook Class XIl History SIVA PRASAD

  2. LORD WILLIAM BENTINCK (1828-1835)

  3. Charter Act of 1833 Some important features . The English East India Company ceased to be a commercial agency in India. In other words, it would function hereafter as the political agent for the Crown. The Governor-General of Fort William was hereafter called 'the Governor- General of India'. Thus, Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India' ALaw Member was appointed to the Governor-General's Council. T. B. Macaulay was the first Law Member of the Governor- General-in-Council . The Act categorically stated 'that no native of India, nor any natural born subject of His Majesty, should be disabled from holding any place, office, or employment, by reason of his religion, place of birth, descent or colour". It was this enactment which laid the foundation for the Indianisation of public services. 03

  4. Financial Reforms When Bentinck assumed the Governor-Generalship in 1828, the financial position of the Company was poor. The exchequer was very weak. The state budget showed a deficit of one million rupees. It became necessary on the part of the Governor-General to take effective steps to improve the financial condition. . He reduced the salaries and allowances of all officers and additional staff were removed. In the military department, he abolished the system of double batta. (Batta was an allowance to troops on active service.) By these financial reforms at the time of his departure, he left the treasury with a surplus of Rs.1.5 millions.

  5. Administrative Reforms In the judicial department he abolished the provincial courts of appeal established by Cornwallis. They were largely responsible for the huge arrears of cases. This step was readily accepted by the Directors since it cut down their expenditure. . Another good measure of Bentinck was the introduction of local languages in the lower courts and English in the higher courts in the place of Persian. He launched the revenue settlements of the North West Province under the control of R.M. Bird. This settlement was for a period of 30 years and it was made either with the tillers of the soil, or with the landowners.

  6. Abolition of Sati . The practice of sati, the age old custom of burning of widows alive on the funeral pyre of their husbands was prevalent in India from ancient times. This inhuman social custom was very common in northern India more particularly in Bengal. B entinck was greatly distressed when he received a report of 800 cases of sati in a single year and that from Bengal. He determined to abolish this practice which he considered an offence against natural justice. Therefore, he became a crusader against it and promulgated his Regulation XVlI on 4 December 1829 prohibiting the practice of sati. . Those who practiced sati were made liable for punishment by law courts as accessories to the crime. The Regulation was extended to the Madras and Bombay Presidencies in 1830

  7. Suppression of Thugs . Thugs were hereditary robbers. They went about in small groups of fifty to hundred posing as commercial gangs or pilgrims 'strangling and robbing peaceful travellers'. They increased in number in central and northern India during the 18th century when anarchy reigned after the disintegration of the Mughal Empire. . A campaign was systematically organised by Colonel Sleeman from 1830 against the thugs . During the course of five years nearly 2000 of them were captured. A greater number of them were exterminated and the rest were transported to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. . For his role in the suppression of thugs, Sir William Sleeman was known as "Thugee Sleeman".

  8. Female Infanticide Female infanticide was one of the horrible and heartless deeds committed even by civilized people. . This practice killing female infants was very much prevalent in places like Rajputana, Punjab, Malwa and Cutch. Bentinck took effective steps to prevent the ritual of child sacrifice at Saugar Island in Bengal. . He not only prohibited female infanticide but declared them as punishable crime

  9. Introduction of English Education The introduction of English Education was a significant event of Lord William Bentinck's administration. . He appointed a committee headed by Lord Macaulay to make recommendations for the promotion of education. . In his report, Macaulay emphasized the promotion of European literature and science through English medium to the people of India. This recommendation was wholeheartedly accepted by William Bentinck. The Government Resolution in 1835 made English the official and literary language of India In the same year, William Bentinck laid foundation of the Calcutta Medical College

  10. After Bentick After William Bentinck, Lord Auckland (1836-42) became Governor-General. The First Afghan War (1836-42) was fought during his administration. Due to his failure in Afghanistan he was recalled in 1842. Lord Ellenborough succeeded him and ended the Afghan War. He also annexed the Sindh. His successor, Lord Hardinge (1844-48) fought the first Anglo-Sikh War (1845-46) and concluded the Treaty of Lahore.