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Formation of the Indian National Congress
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Siva Prasad is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Siva Prasad
Alumni- Indian Institute of Science(IISc), Bangalore; Part of Harvard Business School CORe 2020 cohort; Telegram ID/Promo code - akmsiva

U
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Dear Sir, Can we rely on DNA in total instead of reading newspaper? (a question came in mind)
Badruddin tyabji was the 1st Muslim president of inc and annie besant was the 1st woman president of inc. For Indian woman president of INC was Sarojini Naidu
1st president of INC-W.C.Banerjee 1st muslim president-Badruddin Tyabji 1st woman president-Annie Besant 1st Indian woman president-Sarojini Naidu
Badruddin Tyabji was the 1st Muslim President and Annie Besant was the 1st women president of INC
plz tell who's I stirst women participate in indain Congress mvmt
  1. TN Textbook Class XIl History SIVA PRASAD


  2. INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT (1885-1905)


  3. The Indian National Congress (1885) . Allan Octavian Hume, a retired civil servant in the British Government took the initiative to form an all-India organization. Thus, the Indian National Congress was founded and its first session was held at Bombay in 1885. . W.C. Banerjee was its first president. It was attended by 72 delegates from all over India. . Persons attending the session belonged to different religious faiths. They discussed the problems of all the Indians irrespective of their religion, caste, language and regions. . Thus Indian National Congress from the start was an all-India secular movement


  4. Three phases of Indian national movement The phase of moderate nationalism (1885-1905) when the Congress continued to be loyal to the British crown. The years 1906-1916 witnessed- Swadeshi Movement, rise of militant nationalism and the Home Rule Movement. . The period from 1917 to1947 is known as the Gandhian era.


  5. Moderate Nationalism . The leading figures during the first phase of the National Movement were A.O. Hume, W.C. Banerjee, Surendra Nath Banerjee, Dadabhai Naoroji, Feroze Shah Mehta, Gopalakrishna Gokhale, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Badruddin Tyabji, Justice Ranade and G.Subramanya Aiyar . Between 1885 and 1905, the Congress leaders were moderates. The Moderates had faith in the British justice and goodwill. They were called moderates because they adopted peaceful and constitutional means to achieve their demands.


  6. Main Demands of Moderates .Expansion and reform of legislative councils. Greater opportunities for Indians in higher posts by holding the ICS examination simultaneously in England and in India . Separation of the judiciary from the executive. . More powers for the local bodies. Reduction of land revenue and protection of peasants from unjust landlords.


  7. Main Demands of Moderates . Abolition of salt tax and sugar duty. .Reduction of spending on army. . Freedom of speech and expression and freedom to form associations


  8. Methods of Moderates . The Moderates had total faith in the British sense of justice and fair play. They were loyal to the British. They looked to England for inspiration and guidance. . The Moderates used petitions, resolutions, meetings, leaflets and pamphlets, memorandum and delegations to present their demands. They confined their political activities to the educated classes only. Their aim was to attain political rights and self-government stage by stage.


  9. Achievements of Moderates The Moderates were able to create a wide national awakening among the people. . They popularized the ideas of democracy, civil liberties and representative institutions. They explained how the British were exploiting Indians. Particularly, Dadabhai Naoroji in his famous book Poverty and UnBritish Rule in India wrote his Drain Theory. He showed how India's wealth was going away to England in the form of: (a) salaries, (b)savings, (c) pensions, (d) payments to British troops in India and (e) profits of the British companies. In fact, the British Government was forced to appoint the Welby Commission, with Dadabhai as the first Indian as its member, to enquire into the matter.


  10. Achievements of Moderates . Some Moderates like Ranade and Gokhale favoured social reforms. They protested against child marriage and widowhood. The Moderates had succeeded in getting the expansion of the legislative councils by the Indian Councils Act of 1892.