What does your DNA tell about you?
Deoxyribonucleic acid or commonly known as DNA is a molecule that carries genetic instructions of growth, functioning and development of all living organisms as ellkas a fe reproductive development of the organism w viruses. This produces the blueprint of the
Friedrich Miescher James Watson and Francis Crick
DNA The two DNA strands are also known as polynucleotides since they are composed of simpler monomeric units called nucleotides. ADEINE THYMINE CYTOSINE -GUANINE Each nucleotide is composed of one of four nitrogen-containing nucleobases. The nucleotides are joined to one another in a chain by covalent bonds between the sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate of the next, resulting in an alternating sugar-phosphate backbone. -PHOSPHATE BACKBONE
RNA strands are created using DNA strands as a template in a process called transcription. Under the genetic code, these RNA strands are . translated to specify the sequence of amino acids within proteins ina process called translation.
Within eukaryotic cells, DNA is organized into long structures called chromosomes
A large part of DNA (more than 98% for humans) is non-coding, meaning that these sections do not serve as patterns for protein sequences.
The discovery of DNA, allows the ability to actually diagnose diseases early on In addition, there has been better assessment a person's genetic susceptibility to specific diseases. This has given rise to the ability for custom made medication for certain diseases.
The discovery of DNA, allows the ability to actually diagnose diseases early on In addition, there has been better assessment a person's genetic For those diseases that were previously considered lethal and where treatment was either non- existent or largely unsuccessful, the discovery of DNA has essentially led to breakthrough drugs and treatments for patients with serious illnesses susceptibility to specific diseases This has given rise to the ability for custom made medication for certain diseases.
est People have been able to trace back their origins not only in the immediate few generations but the classification of different hereditary features across various races is also possible