HISTORY OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION TEN
PALEOLITHIC ERA NEOLITHIC ERA
Lower Early civilizations arose first in Mesopotamia (3000 BCE) Egyptian civilization along the Nile River (3000 BCE) The Harappan civilization in the Indus River Valley, and Chinese civilization along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers (2200 BCE).
Our knowledge of prehistory is derived from from the evidence of archaeology.
MESOPOTAMIA-3100 BC In about 3200 BC the two earliest civilizations developed in the region where southwest Asia joins northeast Africa. The Sumerians settled in what is now southern Iraq, between the mouths of the Euphrates and the Tigris. Egypt developed in the long narrow strip of the Nile valley
INDUS CIVILIZATION 2500 BC The Indus Civilization with its two large cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, expanded over a larger region than Egypt and Mesopotamia combined. It will survived in a consistent form, for about 1000 years
AEGEAN CIVILIZATION 2000 BC The bays and inlets of the coastal regions of Greece, and the many small islands strung like pearls across this sea. It combined to make this an ideal area for trade among people. The Aegean Civilization stood at the start of the very lively tradition of Mediterranean culture.
CHINESE CIVILIZATION 1600 BC The longest consistent civilization in the human story so far is that of China. This vast eastern empire seems set apart from the rest of the world, fiercely proud of its own traditions, resisting foreign influences. Its history began in a different manner.
:s AMERICAN CIVILIZATION 1200 BC Around this time the earliest American civilizations had their beginnings, with the Olmecs in central America and the Chavin in the Andes. Both these cultures developed large towns, centred on temples. Both are now famous for their sculpture.
MEDITERRANEAN CIVILIZATION from 12000 BC From their base in Lebanon they established colonies along the coast of Africa and even into the Atlantic. The Mediterranean became the world's most creative arena for the clash and synthesis of civilizations