Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
'Page-l: Modi and-Xi-flag forward looking ties after Doklam crisis Looking beyond the Doklam crisis, India and China decided to open a new "forward looking" round of engagement, anchored by fresh mechanisms to ensure calm at the borders. Focus was on border Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) , rather than on fresh ideas to resolve the festering boundary dispute between the two countries. Broad Points that emerge from joint Statement: I.The Joint Statement for the first time, pointed to a positive convergence between India 2.Peace and tranquility in the border areas was a prerequisite for the further 3. There should be more effort to really enhance and strengthen the mutual level of trust 4.The efforts should be made to ensure that "defence and security personnel must maintain 5. Organisations such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AlIB) and the BRICS and China, on international terrorism development of the bilateral relationship between the two sides. strong contact and cooperation" at the borders could supplement interaction between the two countries at the"intergovernmental" level to build a robust relationship in the future
It remains yet to be seen if the listing of the extremist groups means that China has changed its position on Masood Azhar. Analysts say that it remains to be seen whether the "constructive start" at Xiamen, will yield "solid anchorage" capable of withstanding the regional headwinds that India and China are likely to encounter in the future, as they deepen their ties in the Indian Ocean and the Asia-Pacific Difference between BRICS and AIIB: BRICS Bank has been formed with subscription by Brazil, India, Russia, China & South Africa AllB: The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank formed by India, China and 19 Asian economies. The $100 billion AlIB will be headquartered in Shanghai like the NDB but China will be the dominant share-holder with 49 per cent equity unlike the NDB in which the five founder countries have 20 per cent stakes each. . Analysis: AllB could be used by China for financing B&RI Projects.
UPSC PRELIMS: Previous Year's Question Q. Consider the following statements I. New Development Bank has been set up by APEC. 2. The headquarters of New Development Bank is in Shanghai. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) I only (b) 2 only (c) Both I and 2 (d) Neither I nor 2
Page-10:Section 377: SC to start hearing The Supreme Court is likely to hear curative petitions against Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, a colonial era provision criminalising consensual sexual acts of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual a Transgender (LGBT) adults in private, on September 8 . In February 2016, a S.C. Bench had indicated that the petitions need to be referred to a five- judge Constitution Bench for a possible back-to-roots, in-depth hearing A 3-judge Bench headed by the then CJl gave credence to arguments that the threat imposed by Section 377 amounts to denial of the rights to privacy and dignity and results in gross miscarriage of justice. . In separate judgments, the Constitution Bench concluded that the 2014 verdict by a two-judge Bench of the apex court pandered to a"majoritarian" view to turn down the LGBT community their inherent fundamental rights of life, personal liberty, equality and gender discrimination. Now that a nine-judge Bench of the S.C. , has upheld the Right to Privacy as a fundamental right intrinsic to life and liberty, the argument underlying 2014 judgement needs a re-look. The 2014 judgment's view that "a miniscule fraction of the country's population constitutes lesbians, gays, bisexuals or transgenders" was retrograde.
Page-11: Modi's 10 'noble commitments' for BRICS I. Creating a Safer World - By organised and coordinated action on three issues: 2. Creating a Greener World - By taking concerted action on countering climate change 3. Creating an Enabled World - By sharing and deploying suitable technologies to 4. Creating an l 5. Creating a Digital World - By bridging the digital divide within and outside our 6. Creating a Skilled World - By giving future-ready shills to millions of our youth Counter-terrorism, Cyber-security and Disaster Management through initiatives such as the International Solar Alliance enhance efficiency, economy and effectivenes the banking and financial system ve World - By economic mainstreaming of our people including in economies 7. Creating a Healthier World - By cooperating in research and development to eradicate diseases, and enabling affordable healthcare for all 8. Creating an equitable world: BRICS nations should provide equality of opportunity to all, particularly through gender equality.
9. 0. Creating a harmonious world "by promoting ideologies, practices, and heritage that are centred on peaceful coexistence and living in harmony with nature Page-I I : India, Egypt to bolster bilateral ties . Our PM held talks under bilateral set up with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi on ways to strengthen bilateral ties. BRICS Emerging Markets and Developing Countries Dialogue: Earlier, during his address at this dialogue which was attended by Egypt, Mexico, Guinea, Thailand and Tajikistan on China's invitation as part of"BRICS Plus" outreach exercise, PM described these countries as "close and valued" partners of India. India and Egypt have a strong economic relationship and cooperation in areas of security and counter-terrorism India is the sixth largest trading partner of Egypt. India's imports from Egypt were worth $1.74 billion during the 2014-15. n.
Page-11:Japan wants to develop missiles Japan faces an unprecedented threat to its existence after North Korea tested a hydrogen bomb three days ago o Japan sent out a strong message indicating that Japan is considering acquiring long-range missiles, revising its post-war pacific stance as its national security environment has been drastically changed since the crisis in the Korean peninsula escalated. Under the present conditions, Japan may consider acquiring Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles ICBM] and cruise missiles to deal with the threat that we are facing. The upcoming visit of Mr.Abe to India is significant in view of the tension in the India-China border Mr. Kawai welcomed the end of the stand-off at Doklam and said, "Military disengagement at Doklam is a positive move and China has indicated its willingness to be engaged in peaceful negotiation of issues." Upcoming Abe-Modi talks on Railways and Infrastructure are significant in this light Mr.Abe will probably visit India between September 12-14 where he will hold bilateral discussions with Prime Minister and attend a ceremony to start a high-speed railway project. The Abe-Modi talks will provide the first major opportunity for Japan to share its concerns on the North Korean developments with India.
Analysis:Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security Wavering support of U.S. In February 2017,U.S. defence secretary reaffirmed America's commitment to its mutual defence treaty with Japan when he met Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo. Jim Mattis, on his first trip since taking over the Pentagon, appeared eager to reassure Japan of U.S. resolve, after a 2016 election campaign in which Trump suggested both South Korea and Japan were benefiting from a U.S. security umbrella without sharing enough of the costs. e Mattis said provocations by North Korea, which is advancing its nuclear weapons and missile programs, left no room for doubt about U.S. commitment. It was similar to a message he delivered over the past two days in South Korea. . Article 5 obliges the United States to defend territories under Japanese administrative control. . "Leaders of the World shall not behave like Dealers of Security"
Page-1l:Modi in Myanmar on first bilateral visit. . India and Myanmar will look at strengthening existing cooperation in areas of security and . Both countries will review developments in bilateral ties with a focus on "extensive" Agenda counter-terrorism, trade and investment, infrastructure and energy, and culture. programme of development cooperation and socio-economic assistance India is undertaking in Myanmar. . PM will pay a visit to the famed heritage city of Bagan, where the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has done a"stellar work" in renovating the Ananda Temple. The ASI will be undertaking further restoration work on a number of pagodas and murals that were damaged in an earthquake last year. . Mr. Modi had visited Myanmar in 2014 to attend the ASEAN-India Summit. . The Myanmarese President and Ms. Suu Kyi had visited India last year. Myanmar is one of India's strategic neighbours and shares a 1,640-km-long border with a number of northeastern states including militancy-hit Nagaland and Manipur.
Page-11: Panel appointed CVC by consensus, SC told A PIL petition filed by NGO, Centre for Integrity, Governance and Training in Vigilance Administration in 2015 challenging the appointments as "arbitrary, illegal and in violation of the principle of institutional integrity." The Centre told the Supreme Court that K. V. Chowdary was appointed Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC), the chief of the country's top anti-corruption body, with the "unanimous consensus" of a high-profile committee led by the Prime Minister in June 2015. . Attorney-General submitted that the track records of both Mr. Chowdary and T.M. Bhasin, one of the two vigilance commissioners at the Central Vigilance Commission, were vetted before their appointments. While Mr. Chowdary was appointed the CVC on June 6, 2015, Mr. Bhasin took charge as the VC o June I I AG further questioned the powers of the judiciary to review the appointments made unanimously by the PM committee, which also includes the Leader of the Oppositionand the Home Minister. The Bench responded that it did not, at this point, want to go into the "realm of merits of the candidates", but simply wanted to see whether the eligibility criteria were fulfilled at the time of appointments
Govt. to bring out policy to develop agri-clusters The Govt will soon bring out a policy to develop agricultural clusters and boost farm exports . Minister for Commerce said: If there are clusters for industry, why should we not think about clusters for agriculture. Farmers have the right to access global markets and get better prices for their produce At the multi-lateral level too there is work to be done to eliminate trade restrictions. . On the World Trade Organisation-level negotiations, he said there will be a ministerial . Govt will ensure that Indian farmers get their due by getting better price from global . This is going to be part of the strategy to increase farmers income in India. conference in Argentina in December. markets.
The l9 Round of the Trade Negotiating Committee-technical level talks were held in Hyderabad in July. India is learnt to be upset that other RCEP nations seem to be focused more on extracting as much binding commitments as possible on eliminating tariffs to open up goods trade instead of sticking to the RCEP 'Guiding Principles and Objectives' which state that the"negotiations on trade in goods, trade in services, investment and other areas will be conducted in parallel to ensure a comprehensive and balanced outcome. . India will "talk tough and state that any more discussions" on opening up goods trade 13 will be only after ensuring that negotiations on services trade liberalisation "catch up" with talks on goods trade. India is keen that in return for agreeing to open up goods trade (where most RCEP nations have an advantage), other member nations must commit to substantial liberalisation of services trade - including on easing norms on movement of professionals and skilled workers across borders for short-term work.
. India is seeking support for its proposal on an"RCEP Travel Card, for the purpose. . RCEP negotiations on other issues such as Intellectual Property Rights and investment liberalisation are also not seeing much progress. . Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore,Thailand, Vietnam) and . six states with which ASEAN has existing free trade agreements (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand).
'Undersea line from Iran to port cheap gas' A 1,300-km undersea pipeline from Iran, avoiding Pakistani waters, can bring natural gas from the Persian Gulf to India at rates less than the price of LNG available in the spot market,. Natural gas imported through the more than $4-billion line would cost $5-5.50 per millior British thermal unit at the Indian coast, cheaper than the rate at which some of the domestic fields supply gas. Liquefied natural gas, or LNG, imported through ships costs about $7.50 per million British thermal unit. Via Oman to Porbandar' The pipeline can first travel to Oman, and then onwards to Porbandar in the state of Gujarat. . The cost of landed gas through an undersea pipeline will be at least $2 cheaper than importing LNG, saving about $I billion annually. The subsea pipeline is being seen as an alternative to the on-land, Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline. . Indiahas not been participating in talks on the 1,036-km Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline since 2007 citing security and commercial concerns. But, it has never officially pulled out of the $7.6 billion project.