Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 5th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
Topics to be discussed today . BRICS declares Lashkar, Jaish as global terror groups 2. BRICS position underscores a shift in China position 3. Top Babus given Secure Mobiles 4. Centre refuses to offler assurance on Rohingya. 5. Interview with UN special Rapporteur on Rohingya issue. 6. Naming JeM, LeT not new; action must shift to UN 7. Daily revision of fuel price to stay: Petroleum Minister. 8. India pitches for a credit rating agency 9. RBI includes HDFC Bank in the 'too big to fail' list.
Page-l: BRICS declares Lashkar, Jaish as global terror groups. [GSM-2: International Institutions] The Brazil-Russia-lndia-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping of the five emerging economies has unequivocally named the Pakistan based groups Jaish-e-Mohammad (eM) and Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) as terror organisations, removing a key irritant in ties between New Delhi and Beijing and stepping up the fight against global extremism A Joint communiqu released at the BRICS summit expressed concern about the regional security situation and listed Taliban, ISIL/DAISH, Al-Qaeda and its affiliates including Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement, Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e- Mohammad, TTP and Hizb ut-Tahrir as sources of violence. e It is yet to be seen if the declaration will advance the effort to impose a UN ban on Masood Azhar, as an international terrorist. Making its point unambiguous that the formulation adopted at the ninth BRICS will strengthen the fight on banning terrorists and terror groups at the United Nations, MEA statement said: "The BRICS leaders called for greater efficiency in designation of terrorists and terror groups by United Nations Committee on terrorism."
BRICS position underscores a shift in China position Analysts say the BRICS position underscores a shift in China's position, on hyphenating its ties with India with its relationship with Pakistan. . In the past, Beijing has repeatedly asked for a "technical hold" in designating the head of Pakistan based JeM as in international terrorist in the United Nations Security Council 1267 committee-a move that seemed to reflect its special ties with Islamabad. The joint statement, without exception also deplored "all terrorist attacks worldwide," including attacks in BRICS countries Future Agenda of India: Combat against global terrorism . Stepping up the combat against global terrorism further at the international level, India is now planning to hold a global conference on countering radicalisation On countering radicalisation, India in the context of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the BRICS offered to organise a global conference on countering radicalisation Countries with a positive experience on this will be able to share their experience (at this conference). [Important in the context of standing with philippines]
Observers point out that by converging on counterterrorism, India and China are taking a big confidence building step especially in the context of the recent military tensions at the Doklam plateau It was as yet not clear India-China ties have reached an inflection point in the post-Doklam phase. But ahead of the summit of the five emerging economies, the Chinese foreign minister had also advocated the formation of a "different mechanism", that will obviate Doklam-like situation on the borders"in the long-run" Besides, Chinese President had also highlighted the urgency of avoiding "confrontation" as the security template for the five emerging economies, which are setting course on the second decade of their collaboration. . He underscored that the BRICS grouping must uphold the value of diplomacy to resolve "hotspot issues" A commentary in Chinese state media underscored that with the rise of protectionism in major markets like the U.S. and parts of Europe, BRICS must step into this vacuum and give some clear direction about what they see as the future of globalisation, and play their part in building the next phase of globalisation.
Page l:Top Babus given Secure Mobiles GSM-3: Cyber Security; Sci & Tech] Government has given nearly 500 customised Google Pixel phones with Reliance Jio SIM cards to senior bureaucrats for "secure communication. . The phones, which run on Android OS, have a pre-stored directory that contains the number of all officials above the rank of joint secretary.The phones were distributed two months ago. The government already uses RAX, a fixed landline secure communication network and after the government came to power, the number of RAX lines were increased from 1,300 to 5,000. However, another official said many officials were not using these phones and they were kept as "showpiece." . Recently, the Computer Emergency Response System- India (CERT-IN), the cyber security arm of the government, sought details of the security process followed by over 30 handset firms selling mobile phones in the country. The government is planning to create a secure communications ecosystem for its officials, particularly those working in sensitive sectors like defence, telecommunication and intelligence. The Ministry of Electronics and IT is working on a framework to secure not only mobile phones, but also email used by government officials.
A government presentation on vulnerabilities of smartphones said that in November 2016, a security firm Kryptowire has raised concerns over a Chinese firm transmitting phones, including contacts and text, to servers in China. .The company Shanghai AdUps bypassed Android permission model, executed remote commands with escalated privileges and was able to reprogramming the device.
Page-l: Centre refuses to offler assurance on Rohingya. [GSM- 2 Polity + International] .The Centre refused in the Supreme Court to give 40,000 Rohingya Muslim immigrants an assurance that it will not move for their deportation back to Myanmar The court then asked Mr. Mehta to take instructions from the government on the plea made by the Rohingyas to protect their life and liberty. . The 40,000 Rohingyas are the world's most wretched people. They have been persecuted everywhere. Their deportment would violate India's commitment to international conventions which recognise the "Principle of Non-Refoulement." This principle of customary international law prohibits the deportation of refugees to a country where they face threat to their lives. . The UNHRC Report of 2016 on the Human Rights violations and abuses against Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar has noted successive patterns of serious human rights violations in Mynamar Recently, the National Human Rights Commission had also issued notice to the go to the right to life, liberty and security of the Rohingyas by state security forces and other officials . vernment on the proposed deportment
Page-9. Interview with UN special Rapporteur on Rohingya issue. [GSM-2: IR] . The recent Kofi Annan Commission report on the crisis indicated that there is a possibility of'threat posed from potential radicalisation. . The domestic law of Myanmar, 1982 Citizenship Law has to be amended to make sure that those who are living there for generations get their citizenship status as soon as possible. For the first time that reports have surfaced of about 10 Hindus being killed and 500 fleeing to Bangladesh and the ethnic Mro community people killed as well. In March, in the Security Council, China and Russia blocked a statement on Myanmar which was expected to be critical of the government. . How effective it [United Nations] is when powerful countries are blocking a move?
Page-I 2: Daily revision of fuel price to stay: Petroleum Minister. [GSM-3: Economy] Daily revision in prices is good. When we started daily revisions on June 16.rates dropped in the first fortnight. Page-13: India pitches for a credit rating agency India strongly pitched for the setting up of a BRICS credit rating agency to counter western rating institutions and cater to the financial needs of sovereign and corporate entities of developing nations . PM said, "Our Central Banks must further strengthen their capabilities and promote cooperation between the Contingent Reserve Arrangement and the IMF [International Monetary Fund] Three western agencies hold over 90% of the sovereign ratings market.