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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 3rdSeptember 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy
Page-/:we are not moving, say Mumbaikars in risky houses G.S. Mains-3 25,000 buildings unsafe, but residents want to be in core city. Many have been neglected by their owners and are visibly decrepit. But attempts at redevelopment, whether by the government or private entities, have failed because the occupants refuse to leave despite legal notices being served. Even attempts to forcibly evict them have not made progress. Reasons behind Dilapidated buildings: I.Lack of Trust on Government:They do not trust the government, the owners, or the builders who have won redevelopment contracts. Some relocated families have been in transit accommodation for a decade, facing uncertainty over possession of a redeveloped house. 2. No incentive for Builders to repair these Buildings due to Rent Control Act:Some of the buildings are'chawls', housing units built by mills or other industries, and rented out to workers, whose descendants still live there, long after the mills closed or moved out. State law makes it impossible for owners with old rent agreements to increase rents from the paltry amounts fixed decades ago or to get tenants to vacate, or even sell the property without compensation for tenants. Residents do not want to move, as renting or buying in the same area at market rates is not feasible
The Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority (MHADA) is responsible for repair and reconstruction of old chawls. hat s the Offial Regt datory ro tis MHADAs responsiblity to ensure that the Once a building is declared dilapidated, it is MHADA's responsibility to ensure that the residents are evacuated, forcibly if necessary, with police help. The MHADA also has to ensure that the redevelopment project is completed within the specified time limit, and can demand an explanation from the builder if this does not happen. In reality, residents spend years chasing builders, who either evade them or keep making empty promises. . Any solution-oriented steps in the recent past: Govt. taken up steps such as implementation of Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) to keep a check on builders.
PAGE-Il: It's BRICS plus Five for summit this time Chinese President Xi Jinping has invited Egypt, Kenya, Tajikistan, Mexico and Thailand to participate in the BRICS summit in Xiamen city from September 3 to 5 for expanding the sphere of influence of the emerging economies to form "BRICS Plus" bloc BRICS is not an exclusive club. To form a global economic system, we need to have some further explanation about the 'BRICS Plus' to help people better understand the rationale of this idea. The Challenges before India is likely to arise from China's plan for a BRICS-Plus" or Friends of BRICS" grouping, with Foreign Minister Wang Yi's plan to include Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Mexico to an expanded version of BRICS The suggestion of including Pakistan is something India has baulked at and won't pass quite yet, but it wouldn't want to be seen to be opposing China's rationale of promoting '"south- south cooperation" further India opposes any formal docking of China's Belt and Road Initiative with the BRICS. But India would have no problems in supporting individual bankable projects that are not formally declared a part of the BRI.
Page-I I: India, China to put Doklam behind Analysts say that having benefited from open trade and investments, India is unlikely to let geopolitics or its close ties with Washington come in the way of joining China and the emerging economies in fostering a new wave of globalisation . The end of the Doklam crisis showed the "wisdom of great power diplomacy and how despite its overall military and economic superiority, China recognises India's heft as an emerging peer with its own robust territorial conviction. Apart from the emerging countries, the region, including South Asia and the 10-nation Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), would have a special interest in picking new signals shaping New Delhi-Beijing ties Indo-Pacific doctrine: Of late, India's pursuit of the Indo-Pacific doctrine, focussed on an energetic engagement of the ASEAN and island territories in the Pacific, with a strong Indian diaspora presence,is feeding into the broadening India-China equation.
Despite rejection of terrorism, India has been calling for the early endorsement of the U.N convention of terrorism. The Chinese are opposed to any formulation that would indirectly slam the role of Pakistan in global terrorism. Nepal, China to discuss OBOR . Indicating China's continuous push into South Asia, Nepal will discuss connectivity and trade with Beijing immediately after the end of the BRICS summit. Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal Krishna Bahadur Mahara will travel to Beijing on September 6 for talks on OBOR. The visit comes days after Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba visited India . Nepal remained equidistant during the two-month Doklam standoff between India and China though there have been reports of growing pressure on Kathmandu to take a side.
*Page12.WHOWHAT WHYWHEN WHERE WHERE Where will tigers come from? . The Sunderbans in south Bengal is home to about 100 tigers. Experts have consciously decided not to transfer tigers in the Buxa reserve from the Sunderbans,a completely different mangrove ecosystem. e Instead, tigers from the forest reserves of Assam, which have a similar flora and fauna, will be introduced in Buxa. The reserve is located very close to Assam's Manas Tiger Reserve,and some experts believe that animals from Manas often come to Buxa using Bhutan as a corridor. . What are the challenges? Population pressure:The initial plan is to introduce six tigers at Buxa, but this poses a challenge as there is human habitation in the ar The tiger reserve has an area of about 757.9 sq km, of which 390 sq km lies in the core area and 367 sq km in the buffer zone.There are about 38 villages in Buxa and 49 villages in the fringe area. A number of tea gardens are located on the periphery of the reserve. Another major challenge at Buxa is the broad gauge rail line passing through th e reserve, connecting Siliguri and Alipurduar.Over the past few years, a number of elephants and other animals have died, having been run over by trains.
The people residing in the villages mainly work at the tea plantations. In an attempt to mitigate the human versus animal conflict, the Forest Department has started awareness programmes in the villages before introducing the tigers. The Buxa reserve is home to smaller cats such as leopards There are also common clouded leopards, jungle cats and fishing cats.The herbivore list includes elephants, Indian gaur, chital, sambars, barking deer and hog deer . It is home to at least 68 species of mammals, 4l species of reptiles and more than 246 species of birds, four species of amphibians, 73 species of fishes and over a hundred species of butterflies and moths. What is the stricture on tourists? Besides the arrival of tigers, wildlife enthusiasts have another reason to cheer as the Eastern Circuit Bench of the National Green Tribunal has directed the State government to close all tourist accommodations in the Buxa reserve. . The Tribunal was responding to a petition by an environmentalist who alleged that the tourist facilities had come up in violation of the Indian Forest Act and other laws. There are about 90 accommodations, run by both the Forest Department and private operators, in the reserve.
THE HINDU SECTION-II Page-3:Kenyatta hits out at judiciary re-election, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta lashed out at the judiciary for overturning his and refused opposition demands to replace the tarnished polls commission. While repeating his assertion that he respected the Supreme Court's decision, a bellicose Mr. Kenyatta set the stage for a bitter and tense re-run of the presidential election, which must take place before October 3 Fate of poll panel The previous commission tarnished by a corruption scandal and poor handling of the 2013 polls was forced to stand down in October after widespread protests. The new commission, named in January, had only seven months to organise the polls. It is the first time a presidential election result has been overturned in Africa. Similar court rulings have been seen in Austria, Haiti, Ukraine, Serbia and the Maldives. .
Word-Page-4 Myanmar, 2.6 omes burned down in Rohingya areas in a week. More than 2,600 houses have been burned down in Rohingya-majority areas of Myanmar's northwest in the last week, the government said on Saturday, in one of the deadliest bouts of violence involving the Muslim minority in decades. week that prompted clashes and a large counter-offensive MYANMAR INDIA Myitkyina CHINA Hakha Mandalay Sagaing. , Magway Taunggyi VIET NAM BANGLADESH Sittwe. About 58,600 Rohingya have fled into neighbouring Bangladesh from Myanmar, according to UN refugee agency UNHCR, as aid workers there struggle to cope. Naypyitaw . Loikaw LAO PDR Bay of Bengal Yangon Pa-an Pathein Mawlamyine THAILAND Myanmar officials blamed the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) for the burning of the homes. The group claimed responsibility for coordinated attacks on security posts last Dawei CAMBODIA Andaman Sea Gulf of Thailand 150 km