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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
What's new in the News today News Editorials I. Rohingya refugee issue: Dhaka pleaI. Search for quality: Credit Rating made MEA shift stand 2.A forest policy on today's terms 2. Data base soon on Bonda migration 3.The disaster next door 3. Refugees go to SC against Article 35A 4. India, U.S. in talks for C-17 deal 5. Rohingya militants declare cease fire 6. Global auditors may face tighter scrutiny: Analysis
? 81 %. 1 1 :56 ..d 81%. 11:57 Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Daily Current Affairs MCQs for August 2017 Ratings & Reviews e421 Ratings WhatsApp Roman Saini Facebook A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch Copy to Clipboard Mohit Rai 9 If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thank and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single More Targeted For All G.K. based Government Exams Objective This is a daily recurring course on importanit 26k Enrollments Enroll 5.4k Enrollments
Page-l: Rohingya refugee issue: Dhaka plea made MEA shift stand A Balancing Correction: Balancing Ties between Bangladesh & Myanmar India made a change in its position on "Rohingya" issue to accommodate Bangladeshi concerns. India's shift in position on the Myanmar issue on Saturday, where it expressed concerns about the outflow of Rohingya refugees for the first time in recent months, was prompted by a series of requests from the Bangladesh government"at the highest levels. Joint statement issued after PM's visit to Myanmar had referred only to the "terrorism" problem in Myanmar's Rakhine State, and not to the refugees. A similar statement was issued by the MEA on August 26, after Rohingya militants attacked police posts, killing 12 members of the security forces, which led to a crackdown on Rohingya villages. Experts say India's bid to strengthen ties with Myanmar comes amid China's growing presence in that Country. How is Beijing's Importance increasing: China ranks first in the total foreign investment line-up in Myanmar with 18.53 billion U.S. dollars as of January 2017 since 1988. I. China is pushing for a stake of up to 85 percent in a strategically important deep sea port of Kyauk Pyu on the Bay of Bengal in Myanmar. 2. Myitsone Dam
Page-6: Data base soon on Bonda migration The Bonda Development Agency (BDA) has started an inquiry and survey in the remote Bonda-inhabited villages in Malkangiri district of Odisha following reports that these primitive tribals are migrating to other States in search of employment and that some of their women are being sexually exploited. . Dubious contractors . Both the girls had allegedly fallen prey to dubious labour contractors in adjoining Andhra Pradesh. They along with several oth Pradesh in search of work. It is alleged that labour contractors take these Bondas outside the State as cheap labour. er Bonda men and women had migrated to Andhra . As allegations are rife about mass migration of Bonda tribals from Odisha in search of livelihood, the administration has taken the issue seriously.
Bondas are considered to be one of most primitive tribes in the world. . As per an official survey in 2015,around 8,000 Bonda tribals live in 32 villages of four panchayats under Khairaput block. Their villages are located in remote and isolated hilly region north-west of the Machhkund river.Their habitat in Khairaput block is called the Bonda valley Salient Recommendations ofVirginius Xaxa Committee: (I) Laws and policies enacted by the Parliament and State Legislatures should not be automatically applied in the Fifth Schedule areas (as was the case under colonial rule or as is presently the case in the Sixth Schedule areas). Its applicability should be made contingent on the discretion of the Governor who would determine its applicability or non-applicability or applicability with modifications/amendments on the advice of Tribes Advisory Council. (2) Actions taken by the Governor for safeguarding the interests of tribal communities should be clearly mentioned in the annual Governor's Reports submitted to the President (3) There is a dire need to establish agro-based training institutions and related labour- intensive processing industry so a sto prevent mass-migration.Terms and quantum of micro-credit should be made reasonable for individuals, SHGs, cooperative institutions and Gram Sabhas in Scheduled Areas for the tribes to pursue these occupations
4. Prevention of all kinds of tribal land alienation through strict enforcement of laws and restoration of alienated land to the tribal owners as per the provisions of the PESA and the confirmatory Acts by various States. There should be monitoring agencies at the Is to prevent alienation of tribal land and its restor 5. Residential schools should be set up specifically for Nomadic Tribes 6. Tribal Health Assembly: From the Gram Sabhas at village level, upto the national level, Tribal Health Assemblies should be annually organized in which the people (at the level of village) or their representatives (at the higher levels) participate. For instance, such a Tribal Health Assembly' is annually organized for the past 15 years by an NGO, SEARCH, in Gadchiroli district (Maharashtra). 6. Tribal Health Councils: These should be constituted by including elected representatives, NGOs, experts and government officers for the purpose of planning and monitoring of programs. Such councils should be constituted at the block or ITDP level, district, state and national level
Q. Consider the following pairs: Tribe I. Limboo (Limbu): Sikkim 2. Karbi 3. Dongaria 4. Bonda Which of the above pairs are correctly matched? State Himachal Pradesh Odisha Tamil Nadu The Bonda people currently live in the hills of Odisha's Malkangiri district in India. Two different Bonda tribes: the Upper Bondas the most isolated from mainstream Indian society, and the Lower Bonda with a population of 17,000 The unfree labour or Goti system in India is known as Gufam by the Bonda people. Remo is language of the Bonda trie.
Page-ll: Refugees go to SC against Article 35A. Some refugees from West Pakistan, who had migrated to India during Partition, have moved the Supreme Court challenging Article 35A of the Constitution re- lating to special rights and privileges of permanent res- idents of Jammu and Kashmir. The petition said nearly 3 lakh refugees had arrived from West Pakistan, but those settled in Jammu and Kashmir had been denied the rights guaranteed under Article 35A. . A Bench of SC tagged the plea of the refugees, who are settled in Kathua district of Jammu and Kashmir, with similar matters pending before it.
9th August 2017:Mehbooba, Farooq talk Article 35AIGS MAINs Paper-2: Federalism] Question. What Is Article 35A? Article 35A of the constitution of India empowers J&K legislature to define state's "permanent residents" and their special rights and privileges It was added to the constitution through a presidential order of 1954 with the then J&K government's concurrence Question.what is its significance t |&K? Through 1927 and 1932 notifications, Dogra ruler of the princely state of J&K, Maharaja Hani Singh imposed a law that defined state subjects and their rights.The law also regulated migrants to the state.J&K joined India through instrument of accession signed by its ruler Hari Singh in October 1947 After J&K's accession, popular leader Sheikh Abdullah took over reins from Dogra ruler. In 1949, he negotiated J&K's political relationship with New Delhi, which led to the inclusion of Article 370 in the Constitution Article 370 guarantees special status to J&K,restricting Union's legislative powers over three areas: defence, foreign affairs and communications. . However,under the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Abdullah and Nehru, several provisions of the Constitution were extended to J&K via presidential order in 1954.Article 35A was inserted then.
Page-11:India, U.S.in talks for C-17 deal India is in talks with the U.S. for buying another Boeing C-17 Globemaster transport aircraft to be added to its fleet of 10. The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) gave its approval for the purchase in December last. The proposed sale will improve India's capability to meet the current and future strategic airlift requirements. India lies in a region prone to natural disasters and will use the additional capability for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Since induction in 2013, the aircraft has become the mainstay of India's humanitarian assistance and disaster relief efforts. The validity of the Letter of Acceptance for the sale expires in mid-October and India has to conclude the deal before that or ask the U.S. for an extension," an official said. The aircraft, along with associated equipment, technical support and warranty, is estimated to cost $366.2 million.
Business Page 13: Global auditors may face tighter scrutiny. . Global auditing firms may come under greater scrutiny for any wrong-doing as regulators mull ways to make them more accountable, with the role of such auditors- especially the Big Four - PwC, Deloitte, Ernst and Young and KPMG are generally referred to as the Big Four - coming under the lens in various corporate misdoings Prime Minister has also talked of the need for Indian audit firms growing to join the ranks of global giants. PM's exhortation Lets have Big 8-Knowledge Process Outsourcing:The move is expected to give a fillip to Indian audit firms and designed to fill the gaps the big four have allegedly misused, including with the help of their huge network and financial muscles. . A big area of concern pertains to the big guns seeking to wash of their hands whenever their names crop up in any accounting wrong-doing while their delaying tactics in the name of jurisdiction have also been noticed. They generally delay probe by appeals and jurisdiction related challenges at various forums and once there is a substantial time lapse, they tend to settle the probe by arguing the time-bar clauses. While the existing legal framework provides for stringent provisions for domestic auditing firms, there is no specific system in place when it comes to overseas audit firms.