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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 23rd September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
News Articles. l. GSM-I: Social Issues: 2. GSM-2: Bilateral: India plans to train Afghan police officers. 3. GSM-2: Bilateral: Hasina floats Five-point peace plan. 4. GSM-2: Governance: S. GSM-2 Bilateral: 6. GSM-2: International: Defiant Iran unveils latest ballistic missile. 7. GSM-2: International: Strident Pakistan presses for UN envoy on J&K. 8. GSM-3: Indian Economy: Centre to hasten GST refunds. 9. GSM-3: Economy-WTO: Tap services potential to aid world economy' Nirbhaya scheme in disarray: Supreme court We start and finish projects: PAM Foreign Minister raises H-IB issue in U.S.
Page-3x Hasina floats Five-point peace plan. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has floated a five-point proposal at the United Nations to find a permanent solution to the Rohingya crisis. She was at the centrestage at the UNGA this year, with the Rohingya crisis deepening along Bangladesh's border with Myanmar. Hasina's five-point proposal says: ilMyanmar must stop the violence and the practice of ethnic cleansing in the Rakhine State unconditionally, immediately and forever; [i]UN Secretary General should immediately send a fact-finding mission to Myanmar; [ii] All civilians, irrespective of religion and ethnicity, must be protected in Myanmar; For this, 'safe zones' could be created inside Myanmar under UN supervision; [iv]Sustainable return of all forcibly displaced Rohingyas in Bangladesh to their homes in Myanmar must be ensured; and [v] Recommendations of the Kofi Annan Commission Report must be implemented immediately, nally and entirely.
She proposed that the UN Secretary-General send a fact-finding mission to Myanmar where 'safe zones' can be built under the UN's supervision for the protection of all civilians, irrespective of religion and ethnicity. At the OIC (Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) Contact Group meeting, she demanded Myanmar take back the refugees and end 'state propaganda' that labelled the ethnic group as 'Bengalis As estimated by IOM (International Organisation for Migration), in last three weeks, over 430,000 Rohingya entered Bangladesh.They are fleeing 'ethnic cleansing' in their own country where they have been living for centuries. Bangladesh seeks help from India, China. India, China and Southeast Asian countries should help implement Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's five-point Rohingya solution proposals . "We are satisfied with the Indian position and hope that China and ASEAN countries will also take more active roles in implementing the proposals of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina," said Bangladesh High Commission official. . The official, however, said that the ASEAN countries are yet to take a united step to force Myanmar to take effective measures. He also said that China needs to be more vocal in stopping the tragedy inflicted on the Rohingya.
Page-8:We start and finish projects: PM A Brief on Deendayal Hastkala Sankul . The Finance Minister in the Budget 2014-15 had announced setting up of a Trade Facilitation Centre and a Crafts Museum to develop and promote handlooms, handicrafts and silk products of Varanasi and to provide necessary help to weavers, artisans and entrepreneurs ofVaranasi It will help in strengthening their marketing activities in domestic as well as international markets and in carrying forward the rich tradition of handlooms at Varanasi The Sankul will facilitate the weavers/artisans/exporters in promotion of handlooms/handicrafts in both domestic and international markets. . The Crafts Museum in the Sankul will preserve the traditional handloom/handicrafts products of Varanasi and showcase the handloom & handicraft products, which will be an inspiration for the new generation, scholars, designers and tourists. The project is strategically located near the upcoming bypass between NH-29 (Varanasi Gorakhpur Road) and NH-56 (Varanasi Sultanpur Road). The location of the site also allows its connectivity to all prominent locations within Varanasi and Sarnath
Page-9: Foreign Minister raises H-1B issue in US. Ms.Swaraj strongly raised the issue of H-IB visa and children falling under DACA policy with Secretary Tillerson. The two Ministers discussed regional issues, with a focus on Pakistan, Afghanistan and terrorism. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or (DACA) is a federal government protection created by former President Barack Obama for people brought to the U.S. illegally as children.The programme gives them temporary right to live, study and work in America, for a period of two years and renewable on expiry. The Trump administration has announced a rollback of the programme, and nearly 8,000 Indians could be affected by it. The H-IB visa programme is being reviewed by the Trump administration and it was not clear what exactly were the concerns Ms. Swaraj raised with Mr.Tillerson. Even as the programme is under review,anecdotal evidence suggest unusual delays in the processing of visas at U.S consulates in India. No rules regarding it has changed after President Donald Trump took over, though administration officials have repeatedly said that the H-IB programme is being misused, and has even named some Indian companies in this context.
Page-10: Defiant Iran unveils latest ballistic missile. Iran's Revolutionary Guard unveiled its latest ballistic missile capable of reaching much of the Middle East, including Israel, while the country's President vowed that Tehran would press ahead with its missile program in defiance of U.S. demands to the contrary. The unveiling came during a military parade in Tehran that commemorated the 1980's Iraq-Iran war. The move was a direct challenge to U.S. President Donald Trump, who in August signed a Bill imposing mandatory penalties on those involved in Iran's ballistic missile program and anyone who does business with them. Though Iran has long boasted of having missiles in the same range in its arsenal, it was the first time that the Khoramshahr, with a range of 2,000 km was displayed in public. In February,Iran test-fired the same medium-range type of missile, prompting Mr.Trump to say that the United States is "putting Iran on notice
Mr.Trump has vowed repeatedly to take a tougher line toward Iran than his predecessor, threatening at various times to renegotiate or even dismantle the nuclear deal, and shoot Iranian boats out of the water if they provoke U.S. naval vessels in the Persian Gulf. In response to U.S. provocation at UNGA Mr. Rouhani addressed the parade in Tehran, saying that Iran would not halt its missile program but continue to boost military capabilities, despite U.S. demands. e Mr. Rouhani said, Iran will strengthen our defence and military capabilities whether U.S. wants it or not., a direct response to Mr. Trump's speech at the UN General Assembly this week Tehran has backed Yemen's Shia rebels known as Houthis against a U.S.-supported and Saudi-led coalition of mostly Arab states that seeks to return the internationally elected government to power.
Persian Gulf: KUWAIT AL KUWAYTBU AD I R A NN BandarBANDAR NAVAL ILASE AL MANAMAH BAHRAIN OMAN AD DAWHAH Dubayy NTL QATAR Gulf of Oman ABU DHABD NTL UNITED ARAB EMIRATES S A U DI A R ABI A OMAN
Page-l: Strident Pakistan presses for UN envoy on Kashmir . Pakistan Prime Minister Shahid Abbasi's speech at UNGA Excerpts: [i] He sought the appointment of a special UN envoy on Kashmir, and accused India of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir. [ii]Pakistan blamed India and Afghanistan for the volatile security situation in the region, while denying charges that it is harbouring terrorists who target both the countries [iij He sought an international investigation into "India's crimes in Kashmir." Mr.Abbasi's claims and allegations were refuted by both India and Afghanistan at the UN General Assembly (UNGA). In a strongly worded reaction, India said Pakistan had become a "terroristan," and Jammu and Kashmir would remain an integral part of India. Eenam Gambhir, First Secretary in the Permanent Mission of India, said,"In its short history, Pakistan has become a geography synonymous with terror.The quest for a land of pure has actually produced "the land of pure terror." Pakistan is now 'terroristan, with a flourishing industry producing and exporting global terrorism".
The Centre said while the GSTN application for refund was getting ready, the Centre was in the process of finding other ways of giving refund,if necessary, through a manual procedure. Committee on Export, set up by the GST Council, has discussed various methods of resolving the issue of blockage of funds for the exporters. In the meantime, the State and Union government authorities have been asked to clear the pending refund claims of Central Excise and VAT for the pre-GST period so that exporters will get immediate relief. Pointing out that the duty drawback scheme was extended in the post-GST regime for three months upto September 30, 2017-subject to exporters not taking input tax credit under GST, the Centre said this means that as of now, for 66% of the value of exports, there is no blockage of funds. . The remaining 33% of exporters always used to prefer a normal refund route for taxes Paid on inputs for Central Excise separately and for VAT separately. . The refund was made available to them only after the actual exports took place and, for such class of exporters, earlier also there was a normal blockage of funds for a period of 5 6 months at least except for those using facility of advance authorisation. Hence, the problem is not as grievous as it is made out to be.
Business Page l l: Nifty falls 1.56% amid sell-off. A combination of global and domestic factors dragged down benchmark equity indices with the Nifty closing below the psychological 10,000 mark. Global Factors:lnvestors remained jittery after [I] China's credit rating was downgraded by S&P [i]U.S. Federal Reserve hinted at one more interest rate increase in 2017 and [iii]Geopolitical tensions increased between the U.S. and North Korea. These factors led to a global sell-off as leading Asian indices including Japan's Nikkei, Hong Kong's Hang Seng and Seoul's Kospi and the U.S. markets overnight, ended in the red. . In India, the 30-share Sensex lost 447.60 points, or 1.38%, to close at 31,922.44 The broader Nifty lost l 57.50 points, or 1.56%, to close at 9,964.40 This was the biggest single-day loss for the indices in 2017. Domestic Factors: Indian finance minister's statement on providing a stimulus package that might cost fiscal prudence, he said.