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21st September 2017 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
good morning sir....nd thanx for classess sir
India joins quantum computing race Why in News? The Department of Science and Technology (DST) is planning to fund a project for the development of quantum computers.   News Summary: In India, only the theoretical aspects of quantum computers have been studied by the department of Physics at Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore) and Harish Chandra Research Institute (Allahabad).This month the experts from all over the country are gathering in Allahabad for a workshop to develop quantum computer.   Quantum computer: These are the types of computer that employ complex principles of quantum mechanics to perform operations. Significance of the project: Quantum computers work faster because of the way their circuits are designed and can do intensive number crunching tasks more efficiently than the fastest traditional computers.For instance, to sort a billion numbers, a quantum computer would require 3.5 million fewer steps than a traditional machine, and would find the solution in only 31,623 steps.   Why is it important? Classical computing needs a lot of energy: Computers also need energy to work to perform the computing operations.In any computer, each single bit operation uses some energy.According to Semiconductor Industry Association's report, by 2040, we will not have the capability to power all of the machines around the globe. Efforts to make computing more efficient: To lessen the use of energy, the industry is focused on finding ways to make computing more energy efficient.However, due to the huge amount of computing taking place today, the energy they need is still very large even if current computers are made the most efficient possible.Some latest breakthroughs in technology could cut the amount of energy used in computers by a factor of one million.This also may not be sustainable with fast increasing need for computing power. Way out - Changing the computing process itself: Researchers are now turning to radically different ways of computing, such as quantum computing, to find ways to cut energy use.Quantum theory refers to study at atomic or subatomic level.Quantum computing takes advantage of the properties of subatomic particles to get the operations done much more quickly and use less energy than classical computers. Only needed for high-end operations: Classical computers will continue to do most of the work we are doing today.But quantum computers will be used in high end operations that perform tremendous amount of computing and use huge amount of energy.   Difference between a quantum computer and a classical computer: Quantum computers are different from the traditional binary computers as they uses qubits (quantum bits) instead of the traditional binary bits of 0 and 1. Binary Bit: It is the basic unit of information in classical computers.The state of a bit is either 0 or 1 (binary system). Qubit: It is the basic unit of information in quantum computers.The state of a qubit can also be a superposition of these values. To understand it in a simple way, it can read many combinations of 0 and 1 and thus work on a million computations at once, while your desktop PC works on one. Advantages of qubit: It allows greater flexibility than the binary system.It is faster than the binary system due to the designing of the circuit.It can do intensive number crunching tasks much more efficiently than the fastest comparable computers.   Advantages of Quantum computers: It could process a large amount of data.It has an ability to solve scientific and commercial problems.The data is processed in much higher speed.It has an ability to convey more accurate answers.Large number can be computed in very less time.They are used to protect large web pages, encrypted mails, and many other types of data.  Disadvantages and problems: The quantum particles are hard to control.Lots of heat gets generated because of the running of the machine.It is an expensive project.The computers are difficult to build.These are not suitable for word processing and email.It requires a noise free and cool environment which is a problem for the poor or developing country.The hardware is complex as it uses superconductors.   Applications: Medicine and materials:  Untangling the complexity of molecular and chemical interactions leading to the discovery of new medicines and materialsSupply Chain & Logistics:  Finding the best solutions for ultra-efficient logistics and global supply chains, such as optimizing fleet operations for deliveries during the holiday season.Financial Services: Finding new ways to model financial data and isolating key global risk factors to make better investments.Artificial Intelligence: Making facets of artificial intelligence such as machine learning much more powerful when data sets are very large, such as in searching images or video. India joins quantum computing race Why in News? The Department of Science and Technology (DST) is planning to fund a project for the development of quantum computers.   News Summary: In India, only the theoretical aspects of quantum computers have been studied by the department of Physics at Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore) and Harish Chandra Research Institute (Allahabad).This month the experts from all over the country are gathering in Allahabad for a workshop to develop quantum computer.   Quantum computer: These are the types of computer that employ complex principles of quantum mechanics to perform operations. Significance of the project: Quantum computers work faster because of the way their circuits are designed and can do intensive number crunching tasks more efficiently than the fastest traditional computers.For instance, to sort a billion numbers, a quantum computer would require 3.5 million fewer steps than a traditional machine, and would find the solution in only 31,623 steps.   Why is it important? Classical computing needs a lot of energy: Computers also need energy to work to perform the computing operations.In any computer, each single bit operation uses some energy.According to Semiconductor Industry Association's report, by 2040, we will not have the capability to power all of the machines around the globe. Efforts to make computing more efficient: To lessen the use of energy, the industry is focused on finding ways to make computing more energy efficient.However, due to the huge amount of computing taking place today, the energy they need is still very large even if current computers are made the most efficient possible.Some latest breakthroughs in technology could cut the amount of energy used in computers by a factor of one million.This also may not be sustainable with fast increasing need for computing power. Way out - Changing the computing process itself: Researchers are now turning to radically different ways of computing, such as quantum computing, to find ways to cut energy use.Quantum theory refers to study at atomic or subatomic level.Quantum computing takes advantage of the properties of subatomic particles to get the operations done much more quickly and use less energy than classical computers. Only needed for high-end operations: Classical computers will continue to do most of the work we are doing today.But quantum computers will be used in high end operations that perform tremendous amount of computing and use huge amount of energy.   Difference between a quantum computer and a classical computer: Quantum computers are different from the traditional binary computers as they uses qubits (quantum bits) instead of the traditional binary bits of 0 and 1. Binary Bit: It is the basic unit of information in classical computers.The state of a bit is either 0 or 1 (binary system). Qubit: It is the basic unit of information in quantum computers.The state of a qubit can also be a superposition of these values. To understand it in a simple way, it can read many combinations of 0 and 1 and thus work on a million computations at once, while your desktop PC works on one. Advantages of qubit: It allows greater flexibility than the binary system.It is faster than the binary system due to the designing of the circuit.It can do intensive number crunching tasks much more efficiently than the fastest comparable computers.   Advantages of Quantum computers: It could process a large amount of data.It has an ability to solve scientific and commercial problems.The data is processed in much higher speed.It has an ability to convey more accurate answers.Large number can be computed in very less time.They are used to protect large web pages, encrypted mails, and many other types of data.  Disadvantages and problems: The quantum particles are hard to control.Lots of heat gets generated because of the running of the machine.It is an expensive project.The computers are difficult to build.These are not suitable for word processing and email.It requires a noise free and cool environment which is a problem for the poor or developing country.The hardware is complex as it uses superconductors.   Applications: Medicine and materials:  Untangling the complexity of molecular and chemical interactions leading to the discovery of new medicines and materialsSupply Chain & Logistics:  Finding the best solutions for ultra-efficient logistics and global supply chains, such as optimizing fleet operations for deliveries during the holiday season.Financial Services: Finding new ways to model financial data and isolating key global risk factors to make better investments.Artificial Intelligence: Making facets of artificial intelligence such as machine learning much more powerful when data sets are very large, such as in searching images or video.
Sir, I assume that you perhaps have forgotten to merge 20th DNA with 21st..Ok..no matter....
sir my major issue current affairs ke notes banane me jyada time nikal jata he... to mera weekly daily target me jyada time nahi de pata hu ... plzzz tell me kya karu me ... kya me aapka DNA and editorial video dekhkhu or uska notes na banavu to chalega ??? abhi static subject par focus karu yaa current affiars k notes abhi na banau any easy way plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz tell me sir ...i'm preparing for UPSC (CSE) 2018...........ANY OTHER FRIENDS ALSO HELP any new strategy for it ............
Maanjog jatin veer ji,,,,,,,,,,,,,tusi bhut vdia kamm kr rhe ho,,,rabb chrdi kla ch rkhe,,/\
The Parliament imposing a ‘surcharge’ on the Goods and Services Tax can be regarded as an unconstitutional step. this statement is correct or not can anyone can clarify because i think cess is unconstitutional plz clarify sir
  1. DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 21st September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy


  2. News Articles I. G.S. Mains-3:"Chunk of GST claims ineligible for refunds, 2. G.S. Mains-2: No floor test, no bypoll for 18 constituencies in T.N.: HC 3. G.S. Mains-2: SC reserves Cauvery verdict. 4. G.S. Mains-2:GTA reconstituted, rebel GJM leader Tamang is chairperson. 5. G.S. Mains-2: Bound by Paris deal, says India. 6. G.S. Mains-2&3: Plan to build fighter jets hits air pocket? U.S. companies claim Proprietary Technology. 7. G.S. Mains 283: Call to wipe out modern slavery. 8. G.S. Mains-2: CJl bars senior advocates from out-of-turn hearing of cases 9. G.S. Mains-3: GM mustard in for a long wait 10. G.S. Mains 2 & 3:Will complete Chahbahar port fast, says Minister of Shipping. 1 1 . International: UNGA: Sirisena seeks support for a moderate, reconciliation 12. International: UNGA: Visits by Modi, Trump were truly historic: Israel. 13. International: UNGA: Hasina proposes safe zones' for Rohingya 14. International: Powerful Mexican quake kills 225. 15. Business: 'Cutting termination charge retrograde step'.


  3. Page-10: Bound by Paris deal, says India. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, at a U.N. 'Leadership Summit on Environment Pact' said that India was at the forefront of the debate on environment and development. The Minister's remarks came amid uncertainty over the United States' role in the deal after President Donald Trump, in June, announced that his country was withdrawing from the Paris deal, arguing that it gives undue advantage to countries like India and China. Facts: India, which is the world's third-largest carbon polluter, along with more than 190 nations, reached a pact in December 2015 with an aim to prevent an increase in the global average temperature and keep it well below 2 degrees Celsius. The deal, which replaced the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, was ratified in October 2016. India was willing to work "above and beyond" the Paris agreement. The summit was presided over by French President Emmanuel Macron. India took the climate change issue very seriously. For detailed analysis: 3rd June & 9th June 2017 Editorial-3:Is the Paris Agreement necessary-A Debate


  4. Plan to build fighter jets hits air pocket? US. companies claim Proprietary Technology The contenders in the race are Lockheed Martin with its F-16 and Sweden's SAAB with its Gripen.While the F-l6 is a U.S. military platform, the Gripen is powered by engines built by General Electric of the U.S. In addition, the same engines have been selected to power the indigenously developed Tejas Light Combat Aircraft, 123 of which have been already ordered by the IAF . While SAAB has promised full transfer of technology, it would still require U.S. government clearance for transferring specific components. Proprietary Technology: A recent letter by a U.S. business body to the Defence Ministry expressing its reluctance to transfer proprietary technologies could complicate India's efforts to build a fighter jet locally with technology transfer from abroad. Both the competing aircraft have significant U.S.components. . This is a test for the ambitious new Strategic Partnership (SP) model for promoting domestic defence manufacturing under which multi-billion dollar deals are about to be initiated. Fallout: Without real technology transfer, the whole idea of SP will fall apart. We will once again be doing assembling as has been happening for the past four decades.


  5. In the next couple of months, the Air Force is expected to initiate the process to select a single- engine fighter jet under the SP model which will be built in India with significant technology transfer The deal for over a 100 jets is estimated to cost over 60,000 crore by present projection, but the final order could end up at around 200 jets. Background: In May 2017, Strategic Partnership model for Defence was approved by Defence Acquisition Council headed by Defence Minister Under the "strategic partnership" model, the government will shortlist and then pick Indian companies to join forces with foreign firms to make fighter jets, helicopters, armoured vehicles and submarines. Norms for FDI In Defence: As per the policy, foreign investment up to 49 per cent has been permitted in the defence sector through automatic route, and beyond that limit through government route on case to case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and state-of-art technology The condition of access to state-of-art, technology in the country has been done away with, as many foreign investors had complained about the ambiguity regarding that term.


  6. Page-1l: Call to wipe out modern slavery. . Coinciding with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) release of new global estimates of modern slavery,a group of over 40 activists and academics from different parts of the world have released a 25-point signed statement urging India to ensure a more effective implementation of labour law protections to eliminate modern slavery and forced labour in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Observing that "the current targets and indicators proposed by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation as of March 8, 2017 for the realisation of SDG 8.7 are wholly inadequate," the statement noted that "a more robust labour governance system in the form of increased inspections and better resources for the labour inspectorate is essential for the realisation of SDG 8.7 A multi-pronged strategy that responds to the needs of all affected constituencies, including bonded labourers, contract workers, domestic workers, intra- and inter-state as well as international migrant workers, and sex workers is necessary in order to achieve SDG 8.7


  7. The SDG 8.7 calls for "immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking, and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms. . Collective bargaining: The most effective and durable way to prevent all forms of extreme exploitation lies in the self-organisation of workers and in their efforts at collective bargaining, especially through trade unions and workers' collectives. . Expressing concerns over the proposed anti-trafficking law, the academics pointed out that the problem of trafficking can only be addressed through a multi-faceted legal and economic strategy that strengthens the implementation of labour protections such as those guaranteed by the Constitution. Among the signatories to the statement were activists from organisations such as Aid et Action, The Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women, Open Democracy, Self-EmployedWomen's Association (SEWA), and National Network of Sex Workers.


  8. Page-ll: CJI bars senior advocates from out-of-turn hearing of cases Senior Advocates' monopoly broken to some extent. Every morning, the Bench, led by the Chief Justice of India, gives leeway to lawyers who appear in cases that require an urgent hearing. Lawyers must convince the top judge, very briefly,that without an urgent hearing, the rights, even the fundamental rights, of their clients may suffer a grievous harm. The Supreme Court put an end to the old practice of allowing senior lawyers to mention cases seeking their out-of-turn listing and hearing. Advocates-on-Record A bench also made clear that now onwards only Advocates-on-Record (AoR) would be authorised to mention cases for out-of-turn hearing. This is in keeping with the Supreme Court's long tradition as a people's court, the Chief Justices have allowed lawyers to "mention" cases for an early or out-of-turn hearing. The court uses its discretion to allow or dismiss the plea. The constitutional courts designate a lawyer as senior advocate in recognition of his or her superior professional abilities. However, a PIL petition filed by advocate Indira Jaising in the Supreme Court has demanded transparency in the designation.


  9. Page-l11: GM mustard in for a long wait Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan has indicated that a decision on releasing genetically modified (GM) mustard commercially was unlikely any time soon. There are compelling arguments from those who support it and those against it (NAAS scientists) The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC), India's regulator for genetically modified seeds, had on May 12 this year cleared GM mustard for environmental release and use in fields Final say:Though it was cleared by scientists, the Environment Minister's approval is required. Dhara Mustard Hybrid (DMH -1I), the transgenic mustard in question, has been developed by a team of scientists at Delhi University and the project was part-funded by the Department of Biotechnology, a division of the Science Ministry. A Parliamentary Standing Committee last month said that there was a paucity of studies on the impact of GM crops on human health. Should the Minister's consent be obtained, GM mustard would be the first transgenic food crop to be allowed for commercial cultivation in India. It could pave the way for several other GM food crops in the country.


  10. Page-ll:Will complete Chahbahar port fast, says Minister of Shipping. Indicating a firm commitment, India declared that it would intensify work on the Iranian port of Chahbahar where it was developing facilities as part of regional connectivity plans. The port for which India and Iran signed an MoU in Tehran in May, 2015 would help India find a secure all-weather connection between India and the Eurasian continent. Timely completion of the project will allow India to overcome the lack of land access to Central Asia and Russia. Benefits: Top five companies of India have good presence in Iran and they are having a dialogue with their Iranian counterparts. Iranian investors are also going to benefit immensely. Wider access: Not just Central Asia, even Russia can be accessed by truck through Chahbahar, and Europe too can be accessed through Russia. Potent obstacles: Recently, U.S. President Donald Trump said that the Iran nuclear deal, which opened up the Iranian economy for investment, was "embarrassing'", casting a shadow on Iran's emerging global stature and its international partnerships. Our Minister, however, played down any threat to the Indian project in Chahbanar and said, there is no difficulty since we have finalised the order.


  11. Bandar-e-Abbas Port and Chahbahar Por UZB ARM AZEF Sea TURKMENISTAN TabriZ ake ma Mashhad. TEHRAN ali eh-ye Damavand ,00m Kermanshah Birjand. AFG Dezfal E fahan IRAG Yazd Ahv z Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni badan Shiraz Kerman sarBushehr Zahedar Bandar 'Abbas SAUDI ARABIA Guf PAK Chabah r oxuer A N TAR O 100 20O km GW of CnSn 100 200 mi 50 UAE


  12. Zeranj Delaram Highway OAD O Mazar-e-Sharif Herat O Kabul AFRBINSTIAN Delaramo Kandhar Zaranj MAN INDIA Chabahar O Kandla WABN SE


  13. Foreign Debt &Human Rights abuses: A huge foreign debt and allegations of rights abuses during war were two main challenges that his government faced. In addition to evolving an economic plan to service the massive outstanding debt, the government is "paying serious attention" to the allegations and is working on solutions as a matter of priority. International Response: Sri Lanka's benefactors, including the U.S., have commended the Sri gains. Human Rights Watch observed recently that setting up various reconciliation offices and talking of progress is not the same as implementing the 2015 Geneva resolution, pointing to "scant progress" on the UN resolution.


  14. . She also criticised Myanmar for labelling Rohingya as "illegal migrants" and "Bengalis from Bangladesh A Planned move: Myanmar is forcibly driving out the Rohingya Muslims through a planned and organised process First, they were excluded from the list of recognised ethnic groups of Myanmar. Then in 1982, they were denied their right to citizenship Later,they were sent to IDP camps in their own country.


  15. Business Page 13:'Cutting termination charge retrograde step'. Terming telecom regulator TRAI's decision to cut mobile termination charges by 57% "retrograde", leading telecom operators Bharti Airtel and Vodafone said the move would benefit just one operator and would worsen the financial health of the already stressed industry. Industry is extremely disappointed with the latest regulation on the IUC, especially at a time when the industry is facing severe financial stress Bharti added that the interconnect usage charges (IUC) rate of 6 paise fixed by TRAl had been arrived at in a completely non-transparent fashion and benefits only one operator which enjoys a huge traffic asymmetry in its favour.


  16. ..al 81%. 11:56 stl 81 % 11 :57 Jatin Verma Follow 155k Followers Daily Current Affairs MCQs for August 2017 Ratings & Reviews 421 Ratings WhatsApp Roman Saini Facebook A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch Copy to Clipboard Mohit Rai + More If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thank and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keen making such videos as a single Targeted For All G.K. based Government Exams Objective This is a daily recurring course on impartant 26k Enrollments Enroll 5.4k Enrollments